Towards improved understanding of injury prevention program sustainability
2005 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, Vol. 43, no 10, 815-833 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
As policy makers and funders have become more concerned with allocating scarce resources effectively, attention to the sustainability of health intervention programs has increased. However, the empirical knowledge base about factors facilitating or working against sustainability remains at an early stage. The aim of this study was to contribute to improved understanding of the conditions under which community-based injury prevention programs are most likely to attain sustainability. Ten Swedish community-based injury prevention programs were analysed with respect to factors that contribute to or detract from program sustainability. All the programs are integrated within existing municipality structures. Data were collected by means of semi-structured telephone interviews with key informants.
The results suggested that different factors are interrelated, with no one factor being either primary or by itself sufficient for program sustainability. Financial, human, and relational resources lay the groundwork for the long-term operation of a program. The “integrated” program model appears to facilitate sustainability, but program intensity is vulnerable to changes in the financial status of the municipality and the priority-setting by municipality political decision makers. Sustainability may be compromised if a program becomes too dependent on a few key individuals. In contrast to financial, human, and relational resources, structural resources (e.g., injury surveillance and goals) appeared to have limited influence on sustainability. The programs were sustained with little evidence of effectiveness, resulting in limited feedback about how to improve a program in order to achieve and maintain long-term effectiveness.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 43, no 10, 815-833 p.
Sustainability; Resources; Activities; Effects; Context
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13875DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2005.08.015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13875DiVA: diva2:22088