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Normering av test av intraoral stereognosi och tvåpunktsdiskrimination: Hos barn i åldrarna 5;6 - 7;0 år
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Speech and Language Pathology .
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Speech and Language Pathology .
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Normative Data for a Test of Intra-oral Stereognosis and Two-point Discrimination : in Children Aged 5;6 - 7;0 Years (English)
Abstract [en]

The oral sensory ability in children can be assessed through test of intraoral stereognosis and two-point discrimination. Currently, these two tests are not frequently used in clinical settings, and normative data are not always available. The aim of this study was to establish normative data for these two tests in children aged 5;6 to 7;0 years. Further, intention was to compare the results with respect to age and gender. In total 103 children participated, 49 boys and 54 girls. The participants were divided into three age-groups. The results regarding intraoral stereognosis showed significant differences between genders, where boys performed poorer than girls. Differences between two of the three age-groups could also be established. The results show that an improvement can be expected in children six years and older.

Regarding two-point discrimination 73 of the 103 children performed perfectly. The remaining children’s scores were also consistently high. No differences between gender and age were found.

There was no correlation between the test results of intraoral stereognosis and two-point discrimination. Therefore it would be necessary to perform both these tests in assessment, since they probably examine two separate aspects of the oral sensory ability.

 

Abstract [sv]

Oral sensorisk förmåga hos barn kan bland annat utredas genom test av intraoral stereognosi och tvåpunktsdiskrimination. Dessa två test är i nuläget inte särskilt kliniskt utbredda, och normvärden saknas ofta. Föreliggande studie syftade till att fastställa normvärden för dessa två test hos barn mellan 5;6 och 7;0 år. Vidare jämfördes även testresultaten med avseende på åldersgrupp och kön. 103 barn deltog i studien, varav 49 var pojkar och 54 var flickor. Deltagarna delades in i tre åldersgrupper. Resultatet visade signifikanta könsskillnader på test av intraoral stereognosi, där pojkarnas resultat var något sämre än flickornas. Även skillnader mellan två av åldersgrupperna konstaterades gällande intraoral stereognosi. Resultatet visar att en förbättring på testet kan förväntas då barnen har fyllt sex år.

Angående test av tvåpunktsdiskrimination klarade 73 av de 103 barnen testet felfritt, och överlag presterade barnen mycket bra på testet. Inga skillnader mellan kön eller åldersgrupper noterades beträffande test av tvåpunktsdiskrimination.

Testresultaten av intraoral stereognosi och tvåpunktsdiskrimination korrelerade inte. Därför är det sannolikt nödvändigt att i utredning utföra båda testen, eftersom det kan röra sig om två olika aspekter av intraoral sensorik.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
Sensory ability in the oral cavity, children, intraoral stereognosis, two-point discrimination, normative data, gender and age.
Keyword [sv]
Sensorik i munhålan, barn, intraoral stereognosi, tvåpunktsdiskrimination, normvärden, kön och ålder.
National Category
Otorhinolaryngology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-18795ISRN: LIU-IKE/SLP-A- -09/004- -SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-18795DiVA: diva2:221250
Presentation
2009-05-14, Elsa Brändströmsalen, Universitetssjukhuset, Linköping, 11:00 (Swedish)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2009-06-03 Created: 2009-06-03 Last updated: 2010-12-10Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • nn-NB
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