A Swedish integrated pulp and paper mill - Energy optimisation and local heat cooperation
2009 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, Vol. 37, no 7, 2514-2524 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Heat cooperation between industries and district heating companies is often economically and environmentally beneficial. In this paper, energy cooperation between an integrated Swedish pulp and paper mill and two nearby energy companies was analysed through economic optimisations. The synergies of cooperation were evaluated through optimisations with different system perspectives. Three changes of the energy system and combinations of them were analysed. The changes were process integration, extending biofuel boiler and turbine capacity and connection to a local heat market. The results show that the single most promising system change is extending biofuel and turbine capacity. Process integration within the pulp and paper mill would take place through installing evaporation units that yield less excess heat but must in this particular case be combined with extended biofuel combustion capacity in order to be beneficial. Connecting to the local heat market would be beneficial for the pulp and paper mill, while the studied energy company needs to extend its biofuel capacity in order to benefit from the local heat market. Furthermore, the potential of reducing CO2 emissions through the energy cooperation is shown to be extensive; particularly if biofuel and turbine capacity is increased.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 37, no 7, 2514-2524 p.
Industrial energy system, Optimisation, Cooperation
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-18722DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2008.09.097OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-18722DiVA: diva2:221252