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Cytokine induction by circulating immune complexes and signs of in-vivo complement activation in systemic lupus erythematosus are associated with the occurrence of anti-Sjögren's syndrome A antibodies
Uppsala University.
Uppsala University.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rheumatology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medicine, Department of Rheumatology in Östergötland.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rheumatology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medicine, Department of Rheumatology in Östergötland.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0153-9249
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2007 (English)In: Clinical and Experimental Immunology, ISSN 0009-9104, E-ISSN 1365-2249, Vol. 147, no 3, 513-520 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Circulating immune complexes (IC) and levels of IC-induced cytokines have been correlated with complement activation and autoantibody profiles in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). SLE sera were analysed concerning levels of immune complexes (IC), classical complement function and different antinuclear and anti-C-reactive protein (CRP) autoantibodies. Blood mononuclear cells from healthy donors were stimulated with isolated IC and production of interleukin (IL)-10, IL-6 and IL-12p40 was measured. Functional experiments revealed that increased levels of IC-induced cytokines were associated with both increased classical complement activation and the occurrence of anti-Sjögren's syndrome A (SSA) and anti-SSB but not other autoantibodies. Biochemical measurement of circulating IC showed that the degree of complement activation and the occurrence of anti-SSA were synergistically associated with levels of circulating IC in SLE sera, as complement activation was a prerequisite for the enhancing effect of anti-SSA. Anti-CRP was associated with complement activation, but not with other autoantibodies. Our results indicate that anti-SSA and possibly anti-SSB antibodies influence IC formation and subsequent IC-induced cytokine induction, and that they thereby participate in the inflammatory process in active SLE.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2007. Vol. 147, no 3, 513-520 p.
Keyword [en]
complement, cytokines, immune complex, systemic lupus erythematosus
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13895DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2249.2006.03313.xISI: 000243928900016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13895DiVA: diva2:22139
Available from: 2006-07-10 Created: 2006-07-10 Last updated: 2017-02-16Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. C-reactive protein (CRP) and anti-CRP autoantibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus: a study on the occurrence and clinical implications of anti-CRP antibodies and CRP-mediated complement activation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>C-reactive protein (CRP) and anti-CRP autoantibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus: a study on the occurrence and clinical implications of anti-CRP antibodies and CRP-mediated complement activation
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by production of a wide range of autoantibodies, multiple organ involvement and by local formation or tissue deposition of immune complexes (ICs) in the inflamed organs. In contrast to most systemic inflammatory conditions, and despite raised levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, SLE flares are rarely reflected by elevated C-reactive protein (CRP), an important acute-phase reactant in man with homologs in vertebrates and several invertebrates. As a part of the innate immune system, CRP binds certain molecules exposed on the surface of dying cells/apoptotic bodies and on the surface of pathogens and mediates their elimination by uptake in the reticuloendothelial system. CRP also interacts with IgG-containing immune complexes, binds Fc receptors and activates the complement system via C1q.

The aims of this thesis were to investigate the complement activation properties of CRP; to elucidate if anti-CRP antibodies occur in SLE and, if so, whether anti-CRP antibody levels correlate with disease activity in SLE; to test the hypothesis that autoantibodies to pro-inflammatory cytokines prevent rise of CRP; and to survey if autoantibodies to certain nuclear antigens or to CRP correlate with cytokine-inducing properties of ICs from SLE sera.

We have demonstrated that CRP bound to phosphorylcholine is a powerful activator of the classical complement pathway already in the CRP concentration range 4 to 10 mg/L, but with a marked inhibition at CRP levels above 150 mg/L. Autoantibodies to the monomeric form of CRP were found in approximately 40 percent of SLE patients and in a few sera from patients with primary Sjögren’s syndrome, but not in rheumatoid arthritis or in inflammatory bowel disease. The anti-CRP antibody levels showed significant correlations to several laboratory and clinical measurements, and anti-CRP positivity was associated with renal involvement in SLE. Native CRP levels were not correlated with anti-CRP or anti-cytokine antibody levels. Hence, the presence of antibodies to monomeric CRP or to CRP-inducing cytokines is an unlikely explanation to the relative failure of CRP response in patients with active lupus. However, antibodies to TNFα were found in subnormal levels at disease flares, whereas antibodies to TGFβ were found in supranormal levels as compared to healthy subjects. In contrast to antibodies against CRP and DNA, anti-SSA and anti-SSB antibodies may regulate the inflammatory process in SLE by enhancing IC formation and subsequent production of cytokines such as IL-6, IL-10 and IL-12p40. Hypothetically, anti-CRP autoantibodies may be of pathogenic importance, for instance by binding to monomeric CRP on cell and tissue surfaces and thereby increasing the risk of extrahepatic deposition of apoptotic material and in situ formation of ICs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, 2006
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 931
Keyword
autoantibodies, complement activation, C-reactive protein, cytokines, immune complex, immunoregulation, opsonization, systemic lupus erythematosus
National Category
Rheumatology and Autoimmunity
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-7067 (URN)91-85497-66-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-01-20, Eken, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 09:00 (English)
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Supervisors
Note
On the day of the defence data the status of article I was Submitted and the tile was "C-reactive protein activates or inhibits the classical complement pathway in a concentration dependent manner" and the status of article V was: Submitted.Available from: 2006-07-10 Created: 2006-07-10 Last updated: 2015-08-31

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Sjöwall, ChristofferSkogh, Thomas

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