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Religion as a predictor of psychological distress in two religious communities
Bowling Green State University.
Bowling Green State University.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Clinical and Social Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4753-6745
2009 (English)In: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, ISSN 1650-6073, Vol. 38, no 1, 54-64 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although spirituality and religion play a role in the lives of many North Americans, the relationship of these variables to symptoms of affective disorders has not been rigorously studied. The authors, therefore, evaluated the extent to which religious factors predicted symptoms of distress in a large community sample of 354 individuals (120 Christian and 234 Jewish). Results indicated that religious denomination was a poor predictor of distress. However, general religiousness (e.g. importance of religion), religious practices (e.g. frequency of prayer), and positive religious core beliefs predicted lower levels of worry, trait anxiety, and depressive symptoms, whereas negative religious core beliefs predicted increased symptoms. These variables accounted for a small but significant portion of the variance in reported symptoms after controlling for covariates. These findings are taken to indicate that religion is an important factor to consider when evaluating and treating distress in religious individuals. Implications for clinical practice of empirically supported treatments with religious individuals are explored.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 38, no 1, 54-64 p.
Keyword [en]
Anxiety; Depression; Religion; Spirituality
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-18793DOI: 10.1080/16506070802477222OAI: diva2:221796
Available from: 2009-06-05 Created: 2009-06-03 Last updated: 2014-11-28

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Andersson , Gerhard
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ReferencesLink to record
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