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Twenty years experiences of interprofessional education in Linkoping--ground-breaking and sustainable.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Pediatrics. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Paediatrics and Gynecology and Obstetrics, Department of Paediatrics in Linköping.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Obstetrics and gynecology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Paediatrics and Gynecology and Obstetrics, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Linköping.
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2009 (English)In: Journal of Interprofessional Care, ISSN 1356-1820, E-ISSN 1469-9567, Vol. 23, no 2, 121-133 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A pioneering and ground-breaking effort to organize interprofessional education (IPE) was initiated in 1986 at the Faculty of Health Sciences at Linkoping University in Sweden. The so-called "Linkoping IPE model" has now yielded practical experience and development of curricula for over 20 years. The basic idea of this model is that it is favorable for the development of students' own professional identity to meet other health and social professions already into their undergraduate studies. Interprofessional learning is a process over time that requires several integrated stages to gain interprofessional competence, i.e., the skills required to work together interprofessionally in practice. We believe that defined IPE modules early in the curriculum combined with student-training ward placement as the final module is an encouraging example of how to implement undergraduate IPE among health science students. It is strengthened by problem based learning (PBL) in small groups and student-centered learning. Based on these experiences, this paper aims to contribute to the discussion on how to implement and achieve the aims of IPE and to keep it sustainable. It is not a description of "how to do it" but rather a summarizing of our experiences for successful performance of IPE. The article presents how the Linkoping model was developed, the outcomes, experiences and some outlines for future challenges.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 23, no 2, 121-133 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-18995DOI: 10.1080/13561820902728984PubMedID: 19225972OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-18995DiVA: diva2:222215
Available from: 2009-06-07 Created: 2009-06-07 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Developing Interprofessional Competence: Theoretical and Empirical Contributions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developing Interprofessional Competence: Theoretical and Empirical Contributions
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: Different professions meet and work together in teams every day in health and social care. In order to idenUiy and deliver the best quality of care for the patient, the teamworkers need to be both professionally and interprofessionally competent. How can higher education prepare teamworkers to be both professionillly and interprofcssionally competent? This thesis seeks to contribute theoretically and empirically to this issuc. A starting point for interprofessional education (WE) worldwide was when WHO presented a document entitled "Leaming Together to Work Together for Bdter Health". The basic idea in this strateg)' was that it is favourable for undergraduilte students and the development of their own professionill identity to experience other professions in health and sodal sectors as earlyas during their undcrgraduate studies. Inherent in this scheme is that the various professions will work together in practice. Thc overall winner in this new thinking about education and professionai prLlctice would be the patient. One of the Hrst systematic attempts to organize IPE academically was initiated in 1986 at the Faculty of Health Sciences (FHS) at Linköping University in Sweden. The "Linköping Model" has now yielded 25 yeilrs of practical experience and development of IPE curricula.

Aims: The overall aims of this thesis we.re to define, describe and measure effects and outcomes of interprofessional education/learning.

Methods: In the research papers theoretical, aualitative and quantitative methods have been used.

Results: The newly registered medical doctors educated at the FHS at Linköping University and exposed to WE and PBL reported more confidence (p < 0.0001) that their lIndergraduate studies had given them interprofessional skilIs and abilities to collaborate with other professions than medical students from all other medical faculties in Sweden. Nurses who hild been exposed to interprofessional curricula during their undergraduate education ilt FHS reported to greater extent (p = 0.003) that they were prepared to work as a nurse. Furthermore, they also reported to a greater extent (p < 0.0001) that their undergraduate education hild prepared them to work with other healt care professions. Other findings in this thesis wcre that female tudents in generill and nursing students had a more positive view of interprofessional learning and were more open-minded about collaboration with other professions. Only to a minor extent did exposure to a more extensive interprofessional curriculum promote a positive attitude towards teamwork.

Conclusions: A major challenge to modern health care is the need for more interprofessional teamwork to improve the safety and quality of patient-centred care. This thesis indicates some directions for more successful interprofessional education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2011. 89 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1189
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-69603 (URN)978-91-7393-350-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-06-09, Hälsans Hus Universitetssjukhuset, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-07-05 Created: 2011-07-05 Last updated: 2013-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Wilhelmsson, MargarethaPelling, StaffanLudvigsson, JohnnyHammar, MatsDahlgren, Lars-OweFaresjö, Tomas

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Wilhelmsson, MargarethaPelling, StaffanLudvigsson, JohnnyHammar, MatsDahlgren, Lars-OweFaresjö, Tomas
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Nursing ScienceFaculty of Health SciencesPediatricsDepartment of Paediatrics in LinköpingObstetrics and gynecologyDepartment of Gynecology and Obstetrics in LinköpingStudies in Adult, Popular and Higher EducationFaculty of Educational SciencesGeneral Practice
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