Measures to control climate impact of aviation: How to reach a sustainable aviation industry
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Aviation industry has been developing throughout the last decades and is today an important part of the global economy. This constant growth makes it important to constrain the climate impacts derived from it. The IPCC report (1999), Aviation and the global atmosphere, lists four measures to reduce emissions and environmental impacts of aviation; Aircraft and engine technology options, fuel options, operational options and regulatory and economic options. The study aims to discuss the efficiency and implementation level of the measures. The theoretical frame for the research is based on literature studies whereas the empirical material is based on qualitative interviews of representatives of three key sectors; the authority, the service provider and the aircraft operator.
While analysing the theoretical and the empirical results, a certain emphasis on the regulatory and economical measures has been noticed. Moreover, following conclusions have been drawn;
(1) An emission trading with carbon dioxide would be an incentive to improve aircraft technology and flying procedures; (2) The best way of having international aviation included in the European emissions trading scheme (EU ETS) would be through an initial grandfathering distribution (costless distribution of permits according to historical emission and volume of fuel use) done according to a best-practise philosophy; (3) A robust instrument to measure emissions behaviour at different levels of the atmosphere is still missing. (4) The exclusion of the international aviation from the Kyoto Protocol negotiations makes it harder to include it in the existing EU ETS. Finally, all measures are needed and should be put into practise, but a trading with emissions would be the one to start the improving cycle leading to more sustainable results regarding time, environment and economy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för tema , 2006. , 35 p.
Aviation, Climate impact, Emissions, Emission trading, Measures, The Kyoto Protocol, Sustainability
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-7155ISRN: LIU-TEMA/MV-C--06/15--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-7155DiVA: diva2:22222
2006-06-08, K21, Kåkenhus, Campus Norrköping, Norrköping, 10:15
UppsokSocial and Behavioural Science, Law
Wittgren, Hans Bertil