CHANGES IN SICK-LEAVE DIAGNOSES OVER ELEVEN YEARS IN A COHORT OF YOUNG ADULTS INITIALLY SICK-LISTED DUE TO LOW BACK, NECK, OR SHOULDER DIAGNOSES
2009 (English)In: JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION MEDICINE, ISSN 1650-1977 , Vol. 41, no 6, 423-428 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: To study future general and diagnoses-specific sickness absence and disability pension among young adults who were initially on long-term sick-leave due to back, neck, or shoulder diagnoses. Design: Eleven-year prospective cohort study. Subjects: All 213 adults in a Swedish municipality who, in 1985, were in the age range 25-34 years and had begun a spell of sick-leave lasting andgt;= 28 days with low back, neck, or shoulder diagnoses. Methods: For the time-period 1985-96, data regarding the dates and diagnoses for all periods of sick-leave, and the dates of disability pension, emigration, and death were obtained. Numbers of days of sick-leave and disability pension were analysed separately for each of the 11 years in relation to the number of days at risk for such benefits. Results: The cohort members were on sick-leave or disability pension for 25% of all days at risk during the 11 years of follow-up. A large difference in the number of sick-leave days between the 220% of subjects who were later granted disability pension and the others was already apparent during the first 2 years. During the entire period, up to 21% of the sick-leave days for women and 24% for men entailed psychiatric diagnoses. Conclusion: This cohort of young adults, initially off sick for 4 weeks due to back, neck, or shoulder diagnoses, also had a high level of sickness absence in the subsequent 11 years with other diagnoses.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 41, no 6, 423-428 p.
sickness absence, sick-leave, disability pension, sick-leave diagnoses
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-19130DOI: 10.2340/16501977-0357OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-19130DiVA: diva2:223385