Active stiffening of mitral valve leaflets in the beating heart
2009 (English)In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-HEART AND CIRCULATORY PHYSIOLOGY, ISSN 0363-6135 , Vol. 296, no 6, H1766-H1773 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The anterior leaflet of the mitral valve (MV), viewed traditionally as a passive membrane, is shown to be a highly active structure in the beating heart. Two types of leaflet contractile activity are demonstrated: 1) a brief twitch at the beginning of each beat (reflecting contraction of myocytes in the leaflet in communication with and excited by left atrial muscle) that is relaxed by midsystole and whose contractile activity is eliminated with beta-receptor blockade and 2) sustained tone during isovolumic relaxation, insensitive to beta-blockade, but doubled by stimulation of the neurally rich region of aortic-mitral continuity. These findings raise the possibility that these leaflets are neurally controlled tissues, with potentially adaptive capabilities to meet the changing physiological demands on the heart. They also provide a basis for a permanent paradigm shift from one viewing the leaflets as passive flaps to one viewing them as active tissues whose complex function and dysfunction must be taken into account when considering not only therapeutic approaches to MV disease, but even the definitions of MV disease itself.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 296, no 6, H1766-H1773 p.
anterior mitral valve leaflet, finite-element analysis, elastic modulus, mitral leaflet contractile tissue, electrical stimulation, beta-receptor blockade
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-19151DOI: 10.1152/ajpheart.00120.2009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-19151DiVA: diva2:223415