Self-care ability and sense of coherence in older nutritional at-risk patients
2008 (English)In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0954-3007, Vol. 62, 96-103 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: To investigate self-care ability and sense of coherence in geriatric rehabilitation patients nutritionally screened using the Nutritional Form For the Elderly and to relate the patients' perceived health to self-care ability and sense of coherence.
Design: Cross-sectional study.
Setting: A geriatric rehabilitation ward in a hospital in western Sweden.
Subjects: A sample of 172 consecutively recruited patients (65+ years) fulfilled the inclusion criteria. One hundred forty-four patients were included in the study because 16 patients refused to take part and 12 could not complete the entire data collection procedure.
Methods: Interviews, using one instrument for nutritional screening and other instruments measuring self-care ability and sense of coherence and one question about perceived health, were performed.
Results: Patients at medium or high risk for undernutrition had lower self-care ability (P<0.001) and weaker sense of coherence (P=0.007) than patients at low risk for undernutrition. Lower self-care ability, being single and admitted from another hospital ward was found to be predictors for being at medium or high risk for undernutrition. Patients who perceived good health had higher self-care ability (P<0.001) and stronger sense of coherence (P<0.001) than patients who perceived ill health.
Conclusions: There is an indication that older patients at low risk for undernutrition have a greater capability to care for themselves than patients at medium or high risk for undernutrition. Perceived ill health in older patients is associated with lower self-care ability and weaker sense of coherence.
Sponsorship: Supported by grants from The Research and Development Council Fyrbodal, Trollhättan; The Lions Research Foundation, Linköping, Sweden.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 62, 96-103 p.
aged, geriatric rehabilitation care, health, nutritional screening, salutogenic perspective
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13964DOI: 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602691OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13964DiVA: diva2:22345