PPAR-gamma response element activity in intact primary human adipocytes: effects of fatty acids
2006 (English)In: Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), ISSN 0899-9007, E-ISSN 1873-1244, Vol. 22, no 1, 60-68 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: We studied the activity and regulation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma response element (PPRE) in primary human adipocytes.
METHODS: We transfected primary human adipocytes with a plasmid-encoding firefly luciferase cDNA under control of a PPRE from the acyl-coenzyme A oxidase gene by using our newly developed electroporation-based method. Several fatty acids were added to the fat cells to study potential activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma.
RESULTS: Cells responded maximally to 5 microM of rosiglitazone at a 5.1 +/- 1.4-fold over basal increase in luciferase activity. There was a positive correlation between body mass index and the response to 5 microM of rosiglitazone (r = 0.36, P = 0.03). Patients with type 2 diabetes had similar basal PPRE activity but responded more strongly to 5 microM of rosiglitazone than did non-diabetic subjects (10.2 +/- 5-fold and 5.4 +/- 1-fold over basal increase, respectively, P < 0.0001). Among saturated fatty acids, lauric acid was without effect, but 10 microM of palmitic or stearic acid increased PPRE activity 20% to 35% above basal levels. Monounsaturated palmitoleic acid at 1 microM induced a PPRE transcriptional activity that corresponded to half the therapeutic levels of rosiglitazone.
CONCLUSION: Adipocytes from obese subjects and patients with type 2 diabetes responded particularly strongly to the effect of rosiglitazone on PPRE. Because fatty acids in the diet can affect the transcriptional activity of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma over decades, the stimulation induced by stearic and palmitoleic acids can affect insulin sensitivity and, hence, cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in humans.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 22, no 1, 60-68 p.
Human, Fat cells, Fatty acid, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ, Rosiglitazone
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-19165DOI: 10.1016/j.nut.2005.04.011ISI: 000235119500009PubMedID: 16226011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-19165DiVA: diva2:223495