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Activation of blood coagulation at charged supported lipid membranes
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Clinical Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Chemistry.
Deptartment of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology,.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Clinical Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Chemistry.
Department of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Göteborg, Sweden.
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this work was to investigate the relationship between surface charge of phospholipid membranes and coagulation. Also, we wanted to demonstrate that coagulation at phospholipid membranes could successfully be studied in the method for imaging of coagulation.

Analytical procedure: Supported phospholipid membranes were formed from palmitoyl-oleoyl-glycero-3-ethylphosphocholine (POEPC), 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC), and 1- palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-[phospho-L-serine] (POPS) on silicon substrates. The surface charge of the phospholipid membranes was controlled by using different compositions of POPS (negative net charge), POPC (weak negative net charge) and POEPC (positive net charge). Imaging of coagulation experiments were performed on all phospholipid membrane coated surfaces as well as the clean silicon substrate. The experiments were performed in platelet-free plasma (PFP) diluted 50:50 with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS).

Results: Comparing the negatively charged SiO2 surface with the negatively charged POPS (30%)/POPC(70%) we found an interesting difference. Although both surfaces activated coagulation rapidly, the POPS surface facilitated a faster propagation of coagulation from the surface than the SiO2 surface. It was also found that in order for the phospholipid membranes to exert procoagulant properties, the POPS content in the membrane had to exceed ~6 %. It was also found that positively charged phospholipid membranes did not induce activation of coagulation.

Conclusions: The work in this paper demonstrated that the coagulation process at phospholipid membranes can be studied in a straightforward manner using the imaging of coagulation setup. Furthermore, we speculate that the negatively charged phospholipid membranes but not the SiO2 surface can support the binding of coagulation factor complexes, thus facilitating a faster propagation of coagulation. The fact that the POPS content must exceed ~ 6% to fully exert procoagulant properties was also a very interesting result, especially since platelets, when activated, become procoagulant by increasing their negatively charged phosphatidylserine exposure from ~0 % to maximally ~10 %.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-19176OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-19176DiVA: diva2:223526
Available from: 2009-06-12 Created: 2009-06-12 Last updated: 2015-09-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Imaging methods for haemostasis research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Imaging methods for haemostasis research
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Blood is a vital part of the human physiology; a transport system that brings nutrients and oxygen to sustain living cells and simultaneously facilitates the removal of carbon dioxide and other waste products from the body. To assure the continuity of these functions, it is of uttermost importance to keep the flowing blood inside the vascular system at any cost. The principal components of the haemostatic system are the blood platelets and the plasma coagulation system, both working in concert to create a blood stopping haemostatic plug when a vessel is ruptured. In modern health care, methods for treatment and diagnostics often implicate the contact between blood and artificial materials (biomaterials). Biomaterial surfaces may activate platelets and the coagulation cascade by exposing a surface that during blood contact shares certain characteristics with surfaces found at the site of vascular injury. Therefore it is of great importance that the mechanisms behind the interactions between foreign surfaces and blood are studied in order to minimize, and if possible, prevent unnecessary reactions that may lead to thrombosis.

This thesis describes two important methods to study blood – surface interactions in terms of surface induced plasma coagulation and platelet adhesion/aggregation. The method ‘Imaging of coagulation’, a coagulation assay based on time-lapse image capture of the coagulation process was developed during the course of this work. The use of images enables the method to answer questions regarding where coagulation was initiated and how fast coagulation propagates. Such questions are highly relevant in the study of blood-biomaterial interactions but also in general haemostasis research. In vivo, platelet adhesion and aggregation are events that always proceed under flow conditions. Therefore we also developed a cone-and-plate flow model to study these mechanisms under similar conditions in vitro. The cone-and-plate setup was found to be a flexible platform and was used for both blood compatibility testing of potential biomaterials as well as for general haemostasis research.

With the above mentioned methods we tested the haemocompatibility of glycerol monooleate (GMO), a proposed substance for use in biomaterial applications. It was found that GMO did not activate coagulation to any great extent either in plasma or in whole blood.

Surface induced coagulation and platelet adhesion was also studied on PEG-containing hydrogels and compared with hydrogels constructed from three different non-PEG-containing monomers. It was concluded that all the grafted hydrogels, in particular those produced from the monomers 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and/or PEG- methacrylate (PEGMA), demonstrated good haemocompatibility.

Supported phospholipid bilayers were used to investigate the relationship between surface charge and procoagulant activity. The coagulation process was studied in a straightforward manner using the imaging of coagulation setup. We concluded that the content of negatively charged 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-[phospho-L-serine] (POPS) in the bilayer must exceed ~ 6% for the bilayer to exert procoagulant activity.

The physiological role of factor XII in human haemostasis and thrombosis was investigated in the imaging of coagulation setup and the cone and plate setup by the use of surfaces with thrombogenic coatings. We found that tissue factor initiated coagulation could be greatly accelerated by the presence of contact activating agents in a platelet dependent manner.

In conclusion, the method ‘Imaging of coagulation’ and platelet adhesion/aggregation in the cone-and-plate flow model are both versatile methods with many possible applications. The combination of the two methods provides a solid foundation for biomaterial and haemostasis research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2009. 61 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1131
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-19178 (URN)978-91-7393-621-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-06-01, Aulan, Hälsans hus, Campus US, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-06-12 Created: 2009-06-12 Last updated: 2009-08-21Bibliographically approved

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Faxälv, LarsLindahl, Tomas L.Svedhem, Sofia

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