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Inköp av tjänster i offentlig verksamhet: - En studie av relationerna mellan offentliga organisationer och deras privata leverantörer
Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics.
2006 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesisAlternative title
Purchases within the public sector : - A study of the relations between public organisations and their private suppliers (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

Under de senaste 30 åren har företag inom det privata näringslivet alltmer fokuserat på att skapa nära relationer till sina leverantörer. I motsats till utvecklingen inom det privata näringslivet, har utvecklingen inom offentliga verksamheter alltmer kommit att präglas av att inköpen skall konkurrensutsättas. Lagen om offentlig upphandling (LOU) reglerar i hög grad offentliga organisationers relationer till sina leverantörer. Emellanåt väcks frågan om inte offentliga organisationer skulle ha nytta av närmare leverantörsrelationer, liknande de som finns inom det privata näringslivet, där båda parter känner varandra och varandras behov väl.

Syfte

Syftet med undersökningen har varit att klarlägga huruvida den offentliga sektorn skulle kunna dra nytta av närmare leverantörsrelationer när det gäller inköp av vissa tjänster, samt att utreda i vilken utsträckning LOU tillåter ett nära samarbete mellan den offentliga sektorn och dess privata leverantörer.

Genomförande

Undersökningen har genomförts i form av en fallstudie, då vi har undersökt relationerna mellan Linköpings kommun och dess leverantörer. Fallstudien har genomförts dels genom en kvantitativ enkätundersökning bland Linköpings kommuns leverantörer, dels genom kvalitativa intervjuer med upphandlare och andra ämneskunniga personer.

Resultat

Undersökningen har visat att offentlig sektor skulle kunna dra nytta av närmare leverantörsrelationer för att tillfredsställa tre olika typer av behov. Dessa behov gäller utveckling och effektivisering av verksamheten, leverantörernas medverkan i utformningen av tjänsterna samt längre avtalstider inom vissa verksamheter. Undersökningen har även visat att offentliga organisationer idag har möjlighet att samarbeta med sina leverantörer under flera olika former. Dessa samarbetsformer tillfredsställer till viss del de behov av närmare leverantörsrelationer som idag finns inom offentlig sektor.

Abstract [en]

Background

During the past 30 years, companies within the trade and industry have more and more focused on creating closer relationships with thier suppliers. In contrast to the development in the trade and industry, purchases within the public sector is nowadays caracterized by keen competition. The relationship between public organisations and their suppliers is regulated to a great extent by The Law of Public Purchases (LOU). Occasionally, the question is raised whether public organisations would benefit from closer relationships with their suppliers, relationships similar to those that can be observed in the trade and industry, where both parties know each other and each others interests well.

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to find out whether the public sector would benefit from closer supplier relations when it comes to certain services, as well as to investigate to what extent LOU allows a closer collaboration between the public sector and ther private suppliers.

Implementation

The investigation has been implemented in the form of a case study, since we have studied the relations between the municipality of Linköping and its suppliers. The case study has been implemented partly though a quantitative survey among the suppliers of the municipality of Linköping, partly through qualitative interviews with purchasers and other people that have a lot of knowledge and experience of this matter.

Results

The investigation has shown that the public sector would benefit from closer relationships in order to satisfy three different types of needs. These needs concern development and effectivisation of the activity, the suppliers participation of the design of the services and longer time limits for contracts. The investigation has also shown that there are possibilities for public organisations to collaborate with their suppliers in different ways. These ways of collaboration partly satisfy the needs of closer supplier relations that we can find today within the public sector.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ekonomiska institutionen , 2006. , p. 163
Keyword [en]
LOU, supplier relations, purchases, services, public sector
Keyword [sv]
LOU, leverantörsrelationer, inköp, tjänster, offentlig verksamhet
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-7365ISRN: LIU-EKI/EP--06/037--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-7365DiVA, id: diva2:22374
Presentation
2006-06-09, R23, C, Linköpings universitet, 14:30
Uppsok
samhälle/juridik
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2006-09-15 Created: 2006-09-15

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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