Predicting treatment outcome in Internet versus face to face treatment of panic disorder
2008 (English)In: Computers in human behavior, ISSN 0747-5632, Vol. 24, no 5, 1790-1801 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
With the advent of guided self-help via the Internet it has become increasingly important to investigate predictors of treatment outcome. The present study analyzed predictors of outcome using data from a randomized controlled trial on panic disorder [Carlbring, P. et al. (2005). Treatment of panic disorder: Live therapy versus self-help via Internet. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43, 1321-1333]. Half of the sample received therapist guided Internet treatment (N = 25) and the other half face to face treatment (N = 24) in individual sessions during a 10-week study period. Results showed that agoraphobic avoidance was predictive of outcome in the face to face treatment, but not in the Internet treatment. A self-report screening of personality disorder (anxious cluster) was associated with worse outcome for the Internet treatment, but surprisingly associated with better outcome in face to face treatment. Cognitive capacity as measured by a test of verbal fluency was not predictive of outcome in the Internet group, and neither was a rating of treatment credibility. Overall, we conclude that in relation to face to face treatment different predictors of outcome should be investigated for Internet treatment. Internet treatment might be more suitable for certain clients who might benefit from remote treatment in the early phase of treatment.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 24, no 5, 1790-1801 p.
Predictor; Treatment outcome; Agoraphobic avoidance; Personality disorder; Verbal fluency
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-19275DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2008.02.003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-19275DiVA: diva2:223966