Different characteristics of postoperative heart failure after surgery for aortic stenosis and coronary disease
2004 (English)In: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal, ISSN 1401-7431, Vol. 38, no 3, 152-158 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: Postoperative heart failure (PHF) remains a major determinant of outcome after cardiac surgery. However, possible differences in characteristics of PHF after valve surgery and coronary surgery (CABG) have received little attention. Therefore, this issue was studied in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) and CABG, respectively.
Design: Three hundred and ninety-eight patients undergoing isolated AVR for aortic stenosis were compared with 398 patients, matched for age and sex, undergoing on-pump isolated CABG. Forty-five AVR and 47 CABG patients required treatment for PHF and these were studied in detail.
Results: The AVR group had longer aortic cross-clamp time and higher rate of isolated right ventricular heart failure postoperatively. Myocardial ischemia during induction and perioperative myocardial infarction were more common in the CABG group. One-year mortality was 8.9% in the AVR group vs 25.5% in the CABG group (p = 0.05).
Conclusions: The incidence of PHF was similar in both groups but different characteristics were found. Isolated right ventricular failure and PHF precipitated by septicemia were more common in AVR patients. PHF was more clearly associated with myocardial ischemia and infarction in CABG patients, which could explain their less favorable survival.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 38, no 3, 152-158 p.
aortic valve surgery, complications of surgery, coronary artery bypass surgery, heart failure, prognosis
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14018DOI: 10.1080/14017430410029734OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14018DiVA: diva2:22471