Polarization propagator calculations of the polarizability tensor at imaginary frequencies and long-range interactions for the noble gases and n-alkanes
2003 (English)In: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, Vol. 118, no 20, 9167-9174 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The linear polarization propagator has been computed at imaginary frequencies for He, Ne, Ar, and Kr as well as for the n-alkanes including heptane and its smaller members. It is shown that an effective and direct evaluation of the polarization propagator using standard electronic structure first principle methods can be achieved on the whole imaginary axis without expanding the polarizability in a series of the Cauchy moments. The linear response equation will be complex in this case, but an effective algorithm can be constructed so that the computational cost parallels that of the real propagator. Calculations of the polarizability tensor are used to determine the Casimir–Polder interaction potentials for the molecules under consideration. Theoretical results for the C6 dispersion coefficient are compared with accurate experimental data, and it is shown that results for the extended n-alkanes obtained with density functional theory and the hybrid B3LYP exchange correlation functional are in excellent agreement with experiment. At the same level of theory, on the other hand, there are significant discrepancies for the noble gas atoms. The electron correlation contribution to C6 is less than 9% for the n-alkanes and decreases with the size of the system.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 118, no 20, 9167-9174 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14047DOI: 10.1063/1.1568082OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14047DiVA: diva2:22525