Activation of the parabrachio-amygdaloid pathway by immune challenge or spinal nociceptive input: a quantitative study in the rat using Fos immunohistochemistry and retrograde tract tracing
2005 (English)In: Journal of Comparative Neurology, ISSN 0021-9967, Vol. 481, no 2, 210-219 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Peripheral nociceptive stimulation results in activation of neurons in the pontine parabrachial nucleus (PB) of rats. Electrophysiological studies have suggested that noxiously activated PB neurons project to the amygdala, constituting a potential pathway for emotional aspects of pain. In the present study we examined this hypothesis by combining retrograde tract tracing with Fos immunohistochemistry. Cholera toxin subunit B was injected into the amygdala of rats. After a minimum of 48 hours the rats were given a subcutaneous injection of 100 l of 5% formalin into one hindpaw and killed 60-90 minutes later. A dense aggregation of retrogradely labeled neurons was seen in the external lateral PB. Fos-expressing neurons were present preferentially in the central, dorsal, and superior lateral subnuclei as well as in the lateral crescent area, as described previously. There was little overlap between the retrogradely labeled and Fos-expressing populations and double-labeled neurons were rare. In contrast, systemic immune challenge by intravenous injection of bacterial wall lipopolysaccharide resulted in a Fos expression that overlapped the retrograde labeling in the external lateral PB, and many double-labeled neurons were seen. While these data provide direct functional anatomical evidence that nociceptive information from the hindlimb is relayed to the amygdala via the parabrachial nucleus, the number of parabrachio-amygdaloid neurons involved is small. Considering the widespread activation of parabrachio-amygdaloid neurons by a variety of visceral and humoral stimuli, the parabrachio-amygdaloid pathway thus appears to be more involved in the mediation of information related to viscerally and humorally elicited activity than in transmission of spinal nociceptive inputs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 481, no 2, 210-219 p.
external lateral parabrachial nucleus, pain, formalin, immune challenge, cholera toxin subunit b, central nucleus of the amygdala
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14082DOI: 10.1002/cne.20384OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14082DiVA: diva2:22591