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Human Resource Management in Project-Based Organisations: Challenges and Changes
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2918-2341
2006 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is about human resource management (HRM) in project-based organisations. Firms have over the last decades tended to rely increasingly on project-based structures. This process of projectification implies a changed work situation for individuals in modern organisations. Researchers from the project field of research as well as from the HRM field of research have pointed to possible implications that projectification might have for HRM. This thesis explores this area through a combination of multiple, comparative, and single case studies of project-based organisations. The studies aim at identifying and analysing the changes and challenges for HRM in this particular context.

The studies are presented in four separate papers. The findings suggest a number of important and empirically nested challenges related to Competence, Trust, Change, and Individuals. Moreover, the changing roles of HR departments and line managers in the overall HR organisation are discussed and analysed. The thesis proposes alternative roles for line managers, depending on the organisational context, and it also proposes two ’ideal types’ of HR-departmental structures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ekonomiska institutionen , 2006.
Series
FiF-avhandling - Filosofiska fakulteten – Linköpings universitet, ISSN 1401-4637 ; 89
Keyword [en]
HRM, project-based organisations, projectification, HR department, line manager, competence, trust, change, individual
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-7662ISBN: 91-85497-36-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-7662DiVA: diva2:22649
Presentation
2006-02-24, , Vallfarten, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2006-11-14 Created: 2006-11-14 Last updated: 2015-09-22
List of papers
1. Perspectives on Human Resource Management: An explorative study of the consequences of projectification in four firms
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perspectives on Human Resource Management: An explorative study of the consequences of projectification in four firms
2006 (English)In: International Journal of Human Resources Development and Management, ISSN 1465-6612, Vol. 6, no 1, 92-113 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Various forms of project-based organisational structures are on the rise. A number of recent empirical studies have emphasised the important role of Human Resource Management (HRM) in the understanding of the modern projectified firm. However, previous research has not analysed in any greater detail what implications projectification have for HRM. In our attempt to contribute to the intersection between project-based firms and human resource management, this paper zeros in on the challenges facing HRM in four large Swedish firms. We address the following questions: How has HRM changed due to the increasing projectification observed in the firms under study? What are the major challenges to the HRM practice observed in the case studies? We suggest a four-perspective model for the analysis of the identified changes of, and challenges for, current HRM practice. The perspectives include competence, trust, change and individuals. Based on these perspectives, we identify some key questions for HRM and suggest an analytical framework for the analysis of the change of HRM and the new roles of HRM given the increased projectification observed in the case-study companies.

Keyword
human resources management, projects, change, competence, trust, individuals, projectification, project-based firms
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14104 (URN)
Available from: 2006-11-14 Created: 2006-11-14 Last updated: 2015-09-22
2. HRM and project intensification in R&D-based companies: A study of Volvo Car Corporation and AstraZeneca
Open this publication in new window or tab >>HRM and project intensification in R&D-based companies: A study of Volvo Car Corporation and AstraZeneca
2006 (English)In: R & D Management, ISSN 0033-6807, Vol. 36, no 5, 467-485 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Projects have become the standard mode of organising R&D activities. The main focus of this paper is to analyse the relationship between the project operations of the R&D-based firm and its Human Resource Management (HRM). This paper draws on a comparative case study of AstraZeneca and Volvo Car Corporation. It is argued that the project intensification currently under way has some important structural and content effects on the HRM practice of the firms. As to the content effects, we identify five critical areas within the HRM practice where special attention is needed due to project intensification. As to the structural effects, we identify two separate logics for HR specialists: the HR-based logic and the task-based logic. These logics give new knowledge about the design of the HR organisation and how the HR departmental structures should be adapted in a project-intensive setting. The case studies also illustrate three alternative roles for line managers when they assume increased HR responsibility.

National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13170 (URN)10.1111/j.1467-9310.2006.00448.x (DOI)
Available from: 2008-04-10 Created: 2008-04-10 Last updated: 2015-09-22
3. New roles in the projectified firm: The professional Human Resource Agent
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New roles in the projectified firm: The professional Human Resource Agent
2005 (English)In: V Workshop on Human Resource Management, Seville. Spain, 2005Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14106 (URN)
Available from: 2006-11-14 Created: 2006-11-14 Last updated: 2015-09-22
4. The design of the HR organisation and types of HR departments: A study of project-based firms
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The design of the HR organisation and types of HR departments: A study of project-based firms
2004 (English)In: EIASM Workshop, Paris, France, 2004Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Economics and Business Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14107 (URN)
Available from: 2006-11-14 Created: 2006-11-14 Last updated: 2015-09-22

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Bredin, Karin

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