Investigation of the Use of Ecodesign Methods and Tools in the Electrical and Electronics Industries of Thailand
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
This investigation strives to determine the level of ecodesign awareness as well as to map the use of methods and tools for this concept in the electrical and electronics industries of Thailand.
The foundation of the thesis is eight semi-structured qualitative research interviews performed with various people at Thai organisations, an electronics manufacturer in Thailand, and experts from Swedish, Danish and Thai universities. The research method has yielded the following results:
The level of ecodesign awareness within the country is low, and so is the general level of environmental knowledge. The concept of Life Cycle thinking is mostly unknown, and at best used only to parts of its full potential. The ecodesign education is limited to basic courses at university level and much of the problems with the use of methods and tools for ecodesign can be traced to the lack of ecodesign knowledge amongst its presumptive users. Respondents of this research suggests that the ecodesign knowledge and awareness is significantly higher amongst larger companies with foreign connections than it is amongst Small and Medium sized Enterprises of Thailand, which often have no such contacts.
At present, efforts are being made to educate Thai companies in ecodesign through networking, seminars, workshops and student/expert internships. These endeavours have been arranged by various organizations with the aid from foreign experts and have resulted in successful ecodesign/redesign of products within Thailand.
Stakeholder demands such as cost-down or legislation compliance demands are the main driving forces for ecodesign in Thailand, and very few attempts at ecodesign for the pure benefit of the environment are being made.
Present trends suggest that the future of ecodesign in Thailand will include the finalisation of a Thai-RoHS directive and possibly further work on a Thai-WEEE directive as well.
As for Life Cycle thinking, practices of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) are still basic, but some uses of such LCA tools as SimaPro and GaBi have been proven. Commercial LCA software licenses are considered expensive by most Thai companies and it has become common practice to utilize licenses bought by organisations instead of buying licenses for one’s own company. This results in high costs having to be carried by the organisations and diminishes investment possibilities in other ecodesign fields. At current, LCI data is being requested by companies and might lead to more work being made in this area in the future.
In conclusion, more effort needs to be put into education on all levels and the application of educational methods and tools is advised.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , 73 p.
ecodesign, eco-design, Thailand, methods, tools, Bangkok, environmental science, LCA, life cycle assessment, DfE, design for environment, sustainable development, electronic, electronics, electrical, industries, investigation, education, environment
industriell miljöteknik, miljöteknik, ecodesign, eco-design, Thailand, metoder, verktyg, Bangkok, elektronik, industrier, undersökning, hållbar utveckling, miljö, utbildning
Other Environmental Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-19611ISRN: LIU-IEI-TEK-A--08/00482--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-19611DiVA: diva2:226640
2008-10-31, IKP3, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (Swedish)
Apikajornsin, AkajateBoonkanit, Prin