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Unequal Opportunities for Young People with Immigrant Backgrounds in the Swedish Labour Market
Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8227-3659
2004 (English)In: Labour, ISSN 1121-7081, Vol. 18, no 4, 633-660 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Abstract. This paper investigates labour-market performance for 'young people with immigrant backgrounds' and those 'born in Sweden with native-born parents' in the Swedish labour market. It focuses on young people who were aged 18–20 during 1990, and their labour-market status after 8 years, in 1998. The results indicate that young people of immigrant descent have lower annual wage income and are at higher risk of not being employed than those born in Sweden with native-born parents. Differences in human capital characteristics cannot explain these results. Other theories, which stress the effect of discriminatory behaviour and the power of social network composition, are discussed as alternative interpretations. Having one native-born parent is considered to be important to labour market success. However, having a native-born father rather than a native-born mother is associated with better labour-market achievement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 18, no 4, 633-660 p.
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14146DOI: 10.1111/j.1121-7081.2004.00281.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14146DiVA: diva2:22734
Available from: 2006-11-21 Created: 2006-11-21 Last updated: 2014-10-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Unequal Opportunities: The Impact of Social Capital and Recruitment Methods on Immigrants and Their Children in the Swedish Labour Market
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unequal Opportunities: The Impact of Social Capital and Recruitment Methods on Immigrants and Their Children in the Swedish Labour Market
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Avhandlingen består av tre empiriska studier som undersöker effekten av socialt kapital för individernas arbetsmarknadsutfall, utifrån två huvudsakliga frågeställningar. För det första: Vilka individuella egenskaper, såsom utbildningsnivå, genus och ursprungsland, underlättar eller försvårar tillgång till socialt kapital? Här studeras den avkastning som socialt kapital genererar på arbetsmarknaden, jämfört med utbildning och arbetslivserfarenhet. För det andra analyseras vilken betydelse en stigmatiserad social identitet hos vissa invandrade har för tillgången till socialt kapital och i vilken grad ett ”underskott” av socialt kapital påverkar deras arbetsmarknadsutfall. Resultatet av de empiriska undersökningarna tyder på att invandrare och deras barn, efter kontroll för produktionsrelaterade variabler, har mindre tillgång till socialt kapital och därför sämre arbetsmarknadsutfall.

Abstract [en]

This thesis consists of an introduction and three self-contained studies on the impact of social capital on individuals’ labour market outcomes. It focuses on labour market conditions for immigrants and their children in Sweden. The central research questions of the thesis are twofold. First, what individual characteristics, such as educational level, gender and country of origin, enhance or hinder access to social capital, and how well is social capital rewarded in the labour market compared with education and work experience? Second, does the stigmatized social identity of some immigrant groups affect their access to social capital, and to what degree does such a social capital ‘deficit’ affect their labour market outcomes? The results demonstrate that inequality between immigrants (and their children) and natives (and their children) in access to networks with valuable resources of social capital is an important issue in their labour market outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2006. 51 + essays 1-3 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 369
Keyword
Social capital, social network, recruitment process, discrimination, immigrants, Social kapital, socialt nätverk, rekryteringsprocess, diskriminering, invandrare
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-7789 (URN)91-85643-96-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-10-27, K1, Kåkenhus, Campus Norrköping, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2006-11-21 Created: 2006-11-21 Last updated: 2014-10-08Bibliographically approved

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Behtoui, Alireza

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REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and SocietyDepartment of Social and Welfare StudiesFaculty of Arts and Sciences
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