Industrial DSM in a deregulated European electricity market: a case study of 11 industries in Sweden
2005 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, Vol. 33, no 11, 1445-1459 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In 2004 Sweden will become part of a common European electricity market. This implies that the price of electricity in Swedish will adapt to a higher European electricity price due to the increase in cross-border trading. Swedish plant is characterized as more electricity-intensive than plant on the European continent, and this, in combination with a higher European electricity price will lead to a precarious scenario.
This paper studies the energy use of 11 plants in the municipality of Oskarshamn in Sweden. The aim is to show how these plants can reduce their electricity use to adapt to a European level. We have found that the plants could reduce their use of electricity by 48% and their use of energy by 40%. In a European perspective, where coal-condensing power is assumed to be the marginal production that alters as the electricity demand changes, the decrease in the use of electricity in this study leads to a reduction in global emissions of carbon dioxide of 69,000 tonne a year.
Electricity generated in Sweden emits very low emissions of carbon dioxide and have thus consequently very low external cost. The freed capacity in Sweden could therefore replace electricity generated with higher external cost and as a result lower the total external cost in Europe. The emissions from the saved electricity could also be valuable within the EU emissions trading scheme, if the emissions calculation is done assuming the marginal electricity is fossil fuel based.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 33, no 11, 1445-1459 p.
Deregulated electricity market; Electricity reduction; Global emissions
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14156DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2004.01.002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14156DiVA: diva2:22760