Ionization chambers for measuring air kerma integrated over beam area: Deviations in calibration values using simplified calibration methods
1998 (English)In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0031-9155 (print) 1361-6560 (online), Vol. 43, no 3, 599-607 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Calibrations of kerma-area product meters (KAP meters) are often performed using simplified methods. The accuracy thus obtained can be insufficient, especially when the KAP meters are used for optimizing radiological procedures. The deviations between the best available calibration factor (k) and the simplified calibration factor were measured at different clinical x-ray installations. Depending on the type of x-ray installation and calibration method, the quotient ranged from 0.83 to 1.19, reflecting the error made in practice using these methods. A simple alternative calibration method based on comparison with a KAP meter calibrated by the best available method is described. Depending on tube potential and the stability of the electrometers, the uncertainty in the calibration factor derived with this method was between 3.8% and 5.6% (at 95% confidence level).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 43, no 3, 599-607 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14176DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/43/3/011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14176DiVA: diva2:22788