From Water to Resource: A Case of Stakeholders' Involvement in Usangu Catchment, Tanzania
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
High pressure on water from competing users has changed the past perception of water as gift to water as a resource that requires sustainable management. Management of water resource needs active stakeholders’ involvement for its sustainability. Many organizations along with the national water policy have been calling for active stakeholders’ involvement for management of the resource. In Usangu catchment conflicts over accessing water between farmers and pastoralists and between upstream and downstream have been common. Water allocation in the catchment has been done without involving stakeholders and adequate consideration of the rivers’ carrying capacity. This study focuses on stakeholders’ involvement in Usangu catchment. Six villages in three sub-catchments were studied and data were collected using questionnaire through face to face interview and focus group discussion. The study found that there is limited stakeholders’ involvement in Usangu catchment. In some places involvement is at basic stage, in other places there is no involvement. Interaction within stakeholders’ category was documented, while no stakeholders’ interaction between sub-catchments was discovered. Moreover, some challenges for active involvement were noted, such as lack of coordination between institutions operating in the catchment, high illiteracy rate and lack of awareness, and with lack of legislation support. The issue of limited stakeholders’ involvement in Usangu catchment is complicated, there is no single and comprehensive solution; integration of different approaches which are cross-sectoral in nature is needed for sustainable water management.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 70 p.
Farmers, Pastoralists, Tanzania, Usangu catchment, Water resource management
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-18663ISRN: LiU-TEMAV/MPSSD-A--09/001--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-18663DiVA: diva2:228324
Subject / course
Master´s Programme in Science for Sustainable Development, 120 ects
2009-05-25, TEMCAS, Linköping University, 14:15 (English)
UppsokPhysics, Chemistry, Mathematics
Hjort af Ornäs, Anders, Prof.
Holmén, Hans, Ass. Prof.