Differential neuropathies in hyperglycemic and hypoglycemic diabetic rats
2006 (English)In: Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology, ISSN 0022-3069, Vol. 65, no 12, 1118-1125 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We investigated the effects of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia on development of peripheral neuropathy in somatic motor and sensory nerves in type 1 diabetic BB/Wor rats. The animals were maintained in a hyper- or hypoglycemic state by treatment with insulin for 3 months. Nondiabetic siblings served as controls. Qualitative analysis of the gastrocnemius and sural nerves by light and electron microscopy revealed signs of Wallerian-type axonal degeneration and regeneration of large myelinated fibers in the hypoglycemic but not the hyperglycemic animals. Degeneration was more common in the gastrocnemius nerve than in the sural nerve. In hypoglycemic rats, myelinated fibers in both the gastrocnemius and sural nerves had significantly shorter internodes and smaller diameters. The decreased fiber diameter was related (r = -0.9) to the duration of severe hypoglycemia (≤2.5 mmol/L). Myelinated fiber occupancy was also decreased without any significant changes in fiber counts in both the gastrocnemius and sural nerves. In hyperglycemic rats, myelinated fibers in the sural nerve but not the gastrocnemius nerve had smaller diameters compared with controls. We conclude that hypoglycemia has a more severe impact on somatic motor nerves than on somatic sensory nerves, whereas hyperglycemia affects only somatic sensory nerves.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 65, no 12, 1118-1125 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14189DOI: 10.1097/01.jnen.0000248546.13176.d4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14189DiVA: diva2:22865