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Rätt elev i rätt klass: Skola, begåvning och styrning 1910–1950
Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2007 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
The Right Pupil in the Right Class : School, Talent and Govering 1910-1950 (English)
Abstract [sv]

I centrum för den här avhandlingen står det tidiga 1900-talets diskussion om skola, begåvning och social organisering. Tidsperioden som omfattas är 1910– 1950. Det är skolan i de större städerna Stockholm, Göteborg och Malmö som har stått i fokus.

Det övergripande syftet har varit att analysera den betydelse som begåvning och intelligens fick i relation till skolväsendets förändring. Med utgångspunkt i detta syfte diskuteras hur uppfattningar om samhällets begåvningsresurser och individers förmågor har format 1900-talets samhällsliv. Betoningen på begåvning förde med sig primärt två saker: Att tillvarata god begåvning och att motverka låg begåvning. Avhandlingen har främst syftat till att granska de sociala och institutionella sammanhang i vilka intelligensmätningarna kom att uppfattas som användbara. Det innebär att intresset har riktats mot det inflytande som olika professionella via förhandlingar, professionalisering och vetenskapliggörande fick över skolans utformning.

Teoretisk har undersökningen hämtat inspiration hos Michel Foucault, vilket ger en utgångspunkt som betonar sambandet mellan kunskapsbildning och makt. Genom olika gränsdragningar och uteslutningar – ”åtskiljande praktiker” – i utbildningssystemet blir individerna synliga i förhållande till olika institutionella arrangemang och konstrueras därmed både som individer och som grupper.

Avhandlingen använder ett historiskt perspektiv för att studera hur makt och vetande i en given tid formulerar vad som är att betrakta som ett problem i samhället.

Abstract [en]

At the centre of this thesis is the early 20th century’s discussion on school, talent and social organisation. The period that is covered is 1910 – 1950. It is schools in the cities Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö that have been focused on. The overall purpose has been to analyse the importance that talent and intelligence had in relationship with the changes in the educational system.

Using this as a starting point, it was discussed how views on society’s talent resources and the abilities of individuals have formed 20th century social life. Emphasis on talent led to primarily two things: to utilise good talent and counteract poor talent. The thesis has mainly aimed at examining the social and institutional contexts in which intelligence testing came to be seen as usable. This means that interest has been directed at the influence that different professionals had via deliberations, professionalizing and scientificating had on the forming of schools.

Theoretically the study has been inspired by Michel Foucault, which provided an excellent starting point that emphasises the connection between education and power. Through different boundaries and conclusions – “separating practices” – in the education system the individuals become visible in relation to different institutional arrangements and can therefore be construed both as individuals and groups. The thesis uses an historic perspective to study how power and knowledge in a given time formulate what is considered as a problem in society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2007. , 265 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 379
Keyword [en]
school, democracy, upbringing, categorising, professional, differentiating, talent, intelligence tests, remedial classes, weak classes, extra classes, B-class, talent class, elite class
Keyword [sv]
skola, demokrati, fostran, kategorisering, professionella, differentiering, begåvning, intelligensmätningar, hjälpklass, svagklass, extraklass, B-klass, begåvningsklass, elitklassklass
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-7994ISBN: 91-85643-05-X (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-7994DiVA: diva2:22897
Public defence
2007-02-16, Key 1, Hus Key, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2007-01-04 Created: 2007-01-04 Last updated: 2014-09-09Bibliographically approved

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Axelsson, Thom

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CiteExportLink to record
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