Gating of the Micturition Reflex by Tonic Activation of Bladder Cold Receptors in the Cat
2009 (English)In: NEUROUROLOGY AND URODYNAMICS, ISSN 0733-2467, Vol. 28, no 6, 555-560 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aims: To determine whether C afferents can modify the gating of the A delta micturition reflex in order to identify the neuronal site of interaction of the two afferent systems. Methods: Adult female cats, anaesthetized with a.-chloralose, had their bladder and urethra catherized through a slit in the proximal urethra. Micturition threshold volume was assessed by cystometry and bladder efferent activity recorded simultaneously. The bladder was filled at a slow rate (1.2-3.5 ml/min) with either body-warm saline (control) or menthol solution (0.06 mM) or by cold saline (4 degrees C). Results: Of 14 trial sessions in 5 animals, the threshold volume of the A delta micturition reflex was consistently reduced by menthol infusions from a control median (md) value of 16.8 to 10.2 ml (P andlt; 0.01). The threshold pressure was also somewhat decreased from and 0.7 to 0.5 kPa (P andlt; 0.05), while the peak pressure or pressure slope did no differ in two situations. Similar results were obtained with slow cold infusions into the bladder (nine sessions in three animals). The threshold volume decreased from and 19.8 to 17.4 ml (P andlt; 0.05). The bladder reflex response to slow menthol or cold infusions had the typical features of an A delta micturition reflex in that the efferent activity was largely abolished by the bladder A delta mechanoreceptor unloading. Conclusions: Gradual tonic activation of bladder cold receptors lowers the threshold volume of the ordinary A delta micturition, pointing to a segmental spinal mechanism for the gating of the micturition reflex. Neurourol. Urodyrzam. 28:555-560, 2009.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 28, no 6, 555-560 p.
C afferents, cold receptors, gating, micturition reflex, urinary bladder
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-19794DOI: 10.1002/nau.20690OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-19794DiVA: diva2:228997