Nonlocal and nonlinear dispersion in a nonlinear Schrödinger-type equation: exotic solitons and short-wavelength instabilities
2004 (English)In: Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, ISSN 0167-2789, Vol. 198, no 1-2, 29-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We study the continuum limit of a nonlinear Schrödinger lattice model with both on-site and inter-site nonlinearities, describing weakly coupled optical waveguides or Bose–Einstein condensates. The resulting continuum nonlinear Schrödinger-type equation includes both nonlocal and nonlinear dispersion. Looking for stationary solutions, the equation is reduced to an ordinary differential equation with a rescaled spectral parameter and a single parameter interpolating between the nonlocality and the nonlinear dispersion. It is seen that these two effects give a similar behaviour for the solutions. We find smooth solitons and, beyond a critical value of the spectral parameter, also nonanalytic solitons in the form of peakons and capons. The existence of the exotic solitons is connected to the special properties of the phase space of the equation. Stability is investigated numerically by calculating eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the linearized problem, and we particularly find that with both nonlocal and nonlinear dispersion simultaneously present, all solutions are unstable with respect to a break-up into short-wavelength oscillations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 198, no 1-2, 29-50 p.
Nonlinear Schrödinger, Nonlinear dispersion, Nonlocal dispersion, Exotic solitons, Modulational instability
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14238DOI: 10.1016/j.physd.2004.08.007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14238DiVA: diva2:22967