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Combining analytical and iterative reconstruction in helical cone-beam CT
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Computer Vision . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2007 (English)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Contemporary algorithms employed for reconstruction of 3D volumes from helical cone beam projections are so called non-exact algorithms. This means that the reconstructed volumes contain artifacts irrespective of the detector resolution and number of projection angles employed in the process. In this thesis, three iterative schemes for suppression of these so called cone artifacts are investigated.

The first scheme, iterative weighted filtered backprojection (IWFBP), is based on iterative application of a non-exact algorithm. For this method, artifact reduction, as well as spatial resolution and noise properties are measured. During the first five iterations, cone artifacts are clearly reduced. As a side effect, spatial resolution and noise are increased. To avoid this side effect and improve the convergence properties, a regularization procedure is proposed and evaluated.

In order to reduce the cost of the IWBP scheme, a second scheme is created by combining IWFBP with the so called ordered subsets technique, which we call OSIWFBP. This method divides the projection data set into subsets, and operates sequentially on each of these in a certain order, hence the name “ordered subsets”. We investigate two different ordering schemes and number of subsets, as well as the possibility to accelerate cone artifact suppression. The main conclusion is that the ordered subsets technique indeed reduces the number of iterations needed, but that it suffers from the drawback of noise amplification.

The third scheme starts by dividing input data into high- and low-frequency data, followed by non-iterative reconstruction of the high-frequency part and IWFBP reconstruction of the low-frequency part. This could open for acceleration by reduction of data in the iterative part. The results show that a suppression of artifacts similar to that of the IWFBP method can be obtained, even if a significant part of high-frequency data is non-iteratively reconstructed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Institutionen för systemteknik , 2007. , 127 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1301
Keyword [en]
cone-beam tomography, forward projection, image reconstruction, iterative reconstruction, ordered subsets, regularization, WFBP
National Category
Signal Processing
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-8286Local ID: LiU-TEK-LIC-2007:10ISBN: 978-91-85715-73-2OAI: diva2:23125
2007-03-02, Glashuset, B-huset, Linköpings Universitet, 58183 Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Available from: 2007-02-13 Created: 2007-02-13 Last updated: 2009-09-21

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Sunnegårdh, Johan
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