Mechanisms of Hydrogen Induced Stress Crack Initiation and Propagation in Super Duplex Stainless Steels
2009 (English)In: STEEL RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL, ISSN 1611-3683, Vol. 80, no 7, 482-487 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Austenitic and ferritic duplex stainless steels, DSS, have recently suffered from hydrogen stress induced cracking, HISC, in subsea components with a cathodic protection. This paper provides discussions on possible HISC mechanisms. HISC initiation can occur at the ferritic grain boundaries and phase boundaries at a stress lower than the yield strength, but dominantly at phase boundaries at a stress higher than the yield strength. EBSD analysis shows that HISC in DSS results from the interaction between the dynamic plasticity by creep and hydrogen diffusion. A model on the formation of microstresses in these two phases under creep conditions is proposed, which explains why HISC occurs mainly in the ferritic phase. Discontinuous two-dimensional HISC paths were observed. The austenitic phase acts as obstacles for crack propagation. The fracture covers "valleys" and "peaks" with the cleavage ferrite and the austenite with microfacets or striations due to the hydrogen-enhanced localized-plasticity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 80, no 7, 482-487 p.
Duplex stainless steels, hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen stress induced cracking, cleavage, cathodic protection, creep
National CategoryEngineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-19882DOI: 10.2374/SRI09SP042OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-19882DiVA: diva2:231612