The panorama of future sick-leave diagnoses among young adults initially long-term sickness absent due to neck, shoulder, or back diagnoses. An 11-year prospective cohort study
2009 (English)In: BMC MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS, ISSN 1471-2474, Vol. 10, no 84Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Little is known about future sick-leave diagnoses among individuals on long-term sickness absence. The aim of this study was to describe the panorama of sick-leave diagnoses over time among young adults initially sick-listed for andgt;= 28 days due to back, neck, or shoulder diagnoses Methods: An 11-year prospective population-based cohort study including all 213 individuals in a Swedish municipality who, in 1985, were aged 25-34 years and had a new sick-leave spell andgt;= 28 days due to neck, shoulder, or back diagnoses. Results: Over the 11-year period, the young adults in this cohort had 176,825 sick-leave days in 7,878 sick-leave periods (in 4,610 sick-leave spells) due to disorders in 17 of the 18 ICD-8 diagnostic categories (International Classification of Diseases, Revision 8). Musculoskeletal or mental diagnoses accounted for most of the sick-leave days, whereas most of the sick-leave periods were due to musculoskeletal, respiratory, or infectious disorders, or to unclassified symptoms. Most cohort members had had four to eight different sick-leave diagnoses over the 11 years, although some had had up to 11 diagnoses. Only two individuals (1%) had been sickness absent solely due to musculoskeletal diagnoses. Conclusion: Although the young adults initially were sick listed with back, neck, or shoulder diagnoses, their sickness absence during the follow up were due to a wide variety of other medical diagnoses. It might be that the ill-health content of sickness absence due to back pain is greater than usually assumed. More research on prognoses of sick-leave diagnoses among long-term sick listed is warranted.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 10, no 84
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-19910DOI: 10.1186/1471-2474-10-84OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-19910DiVA: diva2:231639
Marjan Vaez, Jan Hagberg and Kristina Alexanderson, The panorama of future sick-leave diagnoses among young adults initially long-term sickness absent due to neck, shoulder, or back diagnoses. An 11-year prospective cohort study, 2009, BMC MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS, (10), 84.
Licensee: BioMed Central