Improving visualisation of bronchi in three-dimensional rendering of CT data
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The medical imaging system Sectra PACS from Sectra Imtec contains a 3D mode that can be used for visualising image stacks from e.g. computed tomography. Various structures of human anatomy can be visualised in the 3D mode, but visualisations of the bronchial tree of the lungs rarely become good enough to be useful. The goal of this work was to investigate ways of improving such visualisations.
Various approaches were studied, evaluated and tested. The fact that most effort was needed for small structures with sizes similar to the resolution of the images made things slightly more complicated. A method classifying neighbourhoods based on local structure emerged as most promising, and was used as foundation for a proposed algorithm. It creates a mask representing the presence of bronchi, allowing the hiding of uninteresting structures in its proximity. The algorithm was then implemented so that it could be tested together with the existing system.
The method was found to work well and was able to detect the smaller tubes of the bronchial tree and output the desired classiﬁcation mask. Its usefulness was somewhat reduced by issues relating to speed, and the fact that many computed tomography image stacks lack the necessary resolution for visualising the finer details of the bronchial tree.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för medicinsk teknik , 2007. , 86 p.
computed tomography, bronchi, visualisation, image enhancement
Biomedical Laboratory Science/Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-8375ISRN: LITH-IMT/MI20-EX--07/446--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-8375DiVA: diva2:23181
Subject / course
Andersson, MatsKarlsson, Fredrik