liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Sixteen years age limit for learner drivers in Sweden: an evaluation of safety effects
Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Show others and affiliations
2000 (English)In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, Vol. 32, no 1, 25-35 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Through a reform implemented in Sweden, September 1993, the age limit for practising car driving was lowered from 17½ to 16 years while the licensing age remained 18. The purpose of lowering the age limit was to give the learner drivers an opportunity to acquire more experience as drivers before being allowed to drive on their own. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the reform in terms of accident involvement and data were therefore obtained from the national register of police reported accidents. The results show that after the reform there was a general reduction in the accident risk (accidents per 10 million km) of novice drivers with approximately 15%. Additional analyses show that the reduction of accident risk in the group who utilised the new age limit was approximately 40%, whereas those who did not utilise the prolonged training period did not benefit at all. Between 45 and 50% of the age population were found to utilise the reform. The accident reduction does not seem to be just an initial first year effect since the results were similar over 3 years of novice drivers during their first 2 years with a licence. These results suggest that the reform has been beneficial for the safety of novice drivers in Sweden. The results also suggest a potential for additional safety improvements if more young learner drivers can be brought to utilise the low age limit.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 32, no 1, 25-35 p.
Keyword [en]
Learner drivers, Accident involvement, Safety effects, Sixteen years old
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14312DOI: 10.1016/S0001-4575(99)00045-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14312DiVA: diva2:23213
Available from: 2007-02-27 Created: 2007-02-27 Last updated: 2009-05-15
In thesis
1. Understanding Subgroups of Novice Drivers: A Basis for Increased Safety and Health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding Subgroups of Novice Drivers: A Basis for Increased Safety and Health
2001 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Every year, drivers throughout the world are killed or injured in road traffic, particularly in developing countries. Young drivers run a greater risk everywhere, and this problem is still largely unsolved. Better understanding of the underlying processes could, however, be a useful tool in preventive endeavours. The aim of this thesis is to elucidate some of the accident problem among young car drivers. The focus is on understanding how lifestyle and other social and demographical factors influence the health of young people in terms of mobility and safety. Better knowledge of these factors makes it possible to design safety measures specially tailored for different subgroups. This is expected to help make the measures more effective and reduce the conflict between mobility and safety.

The thesis is based on five studies, the first of which focuses on the factors that influence young people in their decision concerning whether or not to obtain a driving licence (Paper I). In the second study, focus lies on how groups with different lifestyles and socio-economic background start practice driving and the benefit derived from the opportunity to practise from the age of 16 (Paper II). The third study aims at visualising accident patterns during driving practice (Paper III) while the fourth evaluates the effects of a reform that lowered the age limit for practice driving to 16 (Paper IV). The last study aims at analysing the relation between the lifestyles of young drivers and accidents (Paper V).

The results of the five studies underlines the complexity of the young driver problem. Many factors such as financial means, time and norms influence how many people take their licence and consequentially, safety and health (I). Socio-economic background together with lifestyle influences the possibility of obtaining a driving licence and of accumulating extensive driving practice (II), which is relevant as regards safety on the road for newly qualified drivers (IV). Paper III shows the prevalent accident pattern during driver training and Paper V shows that the accident risk is different in different lifestyle groups.

The combined results presented in the five papers offers the possibility of developing different countermeasures for the selective influencing of different groups under different conditions. If this is adapted as closely as possible to target groups and situations, it should be possible to significantly enhance safety without losing much of young drivers’ mobility, both during driving practice and afterwards.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2001. 47 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 665
Keyword
novice drivers, security, health, accidents
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-5037 (URN)91-7219-958-X (ISBN)
Public defence
2001-04-06, Berzeliussalen, Hälsouniversitetet, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
Note
On the day of the public defence of the doctoral thesis the status of the articles I was: Under review and article II was: Submitted. The titel of article III was "Typical accident patterns during driver training in Sweden – an explorative study using correspondence analysis". Aricle I and III are published in full text.Available from: 2001-04-19 Created: 2001-04-19 Last updated: 2012-01-24Bibliographically approved
2. The Potential of Driver Education to Reduce Traffic Crashes Involving Young Drivers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Potential of Driver Education to Reduce Traffic Crashes Involving Young Drivers
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Traffic fatalities and injuries among young drivers as a result of road crashes constitute a serious public health problem. The ultimate goal of traffic safety work in Sweden has been formulated in Vision Zero, which includes an image of a future in which no one will be killed or seriously injured in traffic crashes. Therefore, it is unacceptable that young learner and novice drivers are involved in road crashes that result in fatalities or severe injuries. Driver education is an important tool to increase the probability that young drivers actually take their share of the responsibility for Vision Zero by obeying traffic rules and driving as safely as possible.

The general aim of the work underlying this thesis was to determine the potential of driver education to reduce road traffic crashes involving young drivers, particularly in Sweden. Paper I examined the relationship between the way in which the education is carried out and the outcome of the driving test. Paper II explored whether there are any gender‐related differences regarding driving practicing, the outcome of the license tests, and involvement in crashes during the first year of licensure. Paper III evaluated the reform that made it possible for learner drivers to start practicing from 16 years of age in terms of its effects on crashes involving young novice drivers. In paper IV, the focus was on investigating crashes during practice and comparing the results with the corresponding situation for novice divers during their first two years of licensure. Paper V assessed an insight‐based educational approach aimed at inducing young drivers to make better use of vehicle‐related safety equipment.

The findings of two of the studies (papers III and IV) showed that, in Sweden, taking advantage of the possibility to start practicing behind the wheel from the age of 16 years had a beneficial effect seen as reduced crash involvement among those young drivers. In paper V, it was revealed that using an insight‐based educational approach can have a positive influence on learner drivers’ knowledge of and attitudes towards the use of car safety equipment (e.g., safety belts). In paper I, it was found that it is difficult to explain why 18–24‐year‐olds pass or fail the driving test on the basis of background variables and information concerning how they had practiced driving. Paper II showed that, for females, training pursued in a more structured manner did not seem to be beneficial for the outcome of the license tests, and that males aged 18–24 were involved in 1.9 more injury crashes per 1,000 drivers than females during their first year of licensed driving. Suggestions are given that can be used to develop the Swedish licensing system in a way that will increase the potential of driver education to reduce traffic crashes among young drivers. These ideas comprise aspects such as the following: persuading the youngest learner driver population to start practicing as early and as much as possible; the learning period should be better organized, which includes improved agreement between the goals of the national curriculum, the content/process of driver education, and the design of the license tests; professional instruction of learners in both the theory and the practice of driving should be a more prominent component of driver education; and parts of the Swedish licensing system should be made mandatory to help solve the problems of young drivers and to fulfil he goals of the national curriculum.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, 2007
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 985
Keyword
Driver education, Young drivers, Public health, Traffic safety. Attitudes, Questionnnaires, Crashes
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-8424 (URN)978‐91‐85715‐69‐5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2007-03-23, Aulan, Hälsans hus, Campus US, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
On the date of the defence the status of article II was: In press.Available from: 2007-02-27 Created: 2007-02-27 Last updated: 2009-05-11

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textLink to Hans-Yngve Berg's Ph.D. Thesis Link to Anders Nyberg's Ph.D. Thesis

Authority records BETA

Gregersen, Nils. P.Nolén, Sixten

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Gregersen, Nils. P.Nolén, Sixten
By organisation
Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health ScienceFaculty of Health SciencesDepartment of Department of Health and Society
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 297 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf