Toxicity evaluation of PEDOT/biomolecular composites intended for neural communication electrodes
2009 (English)In: BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS, ISSN 1748-6041, Vol. 4, no 4, 045009- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Electrodes coated with the conducting polymer poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene) (PEDOT) possess attractive electrochemical properties for stimulation or recording in the nervous system. Biomolecules, added as counter ions in electropolymerization, could further improve the biomaterial properties, eliminating the need for surfactant counter ions in the process. Such PEDOT/biomolecular composites, using heparin or hyaluronic acid, have previously been investigated electrochemically. In the present study, their biocompatibility is evaluated. An agarose overlay assay using L929 fibroblasts, and elution and direct contact tests on human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells are applied to investigate cytotoxicity in vitro. PEDOT: heparin was further evaluated in vivo through polymer-coated implants in rodent cortex. No cytotoxic response was seen to any of the PEDOT materials tested. The examination of cortical tissue exposed to polymer-coated implants showed extensive glial scarring irrespective of implant material (Pt:polymer or Pt). However, quantification of immunological response, through distance measurements from implant site to closest neuron and counting of ED1+ cell density around implant, was comparable to those of platinum controls. These results indicate that PEDOT: heparin surfaces were non-cytotoxic and show no marked difference in immunological response in cortical tissue compared to pure platinum controls.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 4, no 4, 045009- p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-20008DOI: 10.1088/1748-6041/4/4/045009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-20008DiVA: diva2:232480