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Technology obscuring equity: the case of historical responsibility in UNFCCC negotiations
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1912-5538
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2007 (English)In: Authority, Responsibility and Justice in Environmental Politics: Papers from the 8. Nordic Environmental Social Science Research Conference June 18-20 2007. Workshop 1 / [ed] Inger Balberg and Hege Hofstad, Oslo: NIBR , 2007, p. 103-122Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

According to the concept of historical responsibility, the commitments of individual countries to mitigating climate change are distributed based on the relative effects of their past emissions as manifested in present climate change. Brazil presented a comprehensive version of the concept to pre-Kyoto negotiations in 1997. The “Brazilian proposal” originally combined several justice principles; however, following referral to the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice, discussion soon became technical. This case illustrates how disparities in knowledge production and framing can influence the inclusiveness of negotiations. Southern participation in the policy process was restrained due to lack of scientific expertise on the part of Southern countries and due to the non-inclusive biophysical discourse traditionally preferred by the North. The historical responsibility issue became stranded on problems of how correctly to represent physical nature in climate models. This marginalized the original intention that equity should be the guiding principle of the North−South interaction, arguably undercutting a potential angle of approach to advance the climate change negotiations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: NIBR , 2007. p. 103-122
Series
NIBR Working Paper, ISSN 0801-1702 ; 2007:112
Keywords [en]
Equity; climate change; Brazilian proposal; historical responsibility
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-20092ISBN: 9788270716852 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-20092DiVA, id: diva2:233088
Conference
8th Nordic Environmental Social Science Research Conference June 18-20 2007. Workshop 1, Oslo, Norway
Available from: 2009-08-28 Created: 2009-08-28 Last updated: 2018-07-03Bibliographically approved

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Friman (Fridahl), MathiasLinnér, Björn-Ola

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