The rehabilitation process for the geriatric stroke patient: an exploratory study of goal setting and intervention
1999 (English)In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288 (print) 1464-5165 (online), Vol. 21, no 2, 80-87 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose: The aim was to describe and analyse the rehabilitation process of the geriatric stroke patient from two perspectives; the treatment goals expressed by the staff and the patient and the treatment interventions chosen by the physiotherapist and occupational therapist. A secondary aim was to test whether the process, treatment goals and interventions could be classified according to the International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities and Handicaps (ICIDH).
Method: Qualitative interviews were performed with patients and personnel; diaries were used to register treatment interventions. The 30 interviews were categorized according to the goals expressed by physiotherapists, occupational therapists, physicians and patients. The diaries (n= 22) were analysed to describe how treatment interventions were connected in time, at what levels (impairment, disability and handicap) the interventions were directed, and finally, whether certain decisions were made in order to change the rehabilitation process.
Results: The patients talked more about attaining their prestroke status than about their goals. The therapists set goals according to functional level, whereas the doctors expressed themselves in general terms. Three patterns of rehabilitation processes were found: one with clearly identified decision points, one with a set programme which was not changed through the process, and one where the goal was changed according to changes in medical status.
Conclusions: The patient does not participate in the goalsetting process, and the vaguely expressed goals are not measurable. The rehabilitation process and reason for discharge demonstrate different patterns. Treatment interventions, if related to the ICIDH, give a clear picture of the process, though certain interventions do not fit in the classification.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 21, no 2, 80-87 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14363DOI: 10.1080/096382899298016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14363DiVA: diva2:23337