Psychosocial status and health related quality of life in relation to the metabolic syndrome in a Swedish middle-aged population
2009 (English)In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR NURSING, ISSN 1474-5151, Vol. 8, no 3, 207-215 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: The Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is a combination of risk factors related to increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Psychosocial factors and stress have been suggested to be important determinants. Aim: To analyse how psychosocial factors, perceived stress and health related quality of life are related to MS, and assess if observed associations are dependent of life-style. Methods: A cross-sectional study of a random sample of 502 men and 505 women aged 45-69, front southeast Sweden, including fasting blood samples, blood pressure, anthropometrics, self-reported data of life-style, psychosocial status and health related quality of life (SF-36). Linear regression models were adjusted for age and, in a second step, also for life-style. Results: Men and women with MS reported lower levels of physical activity, lower scores on physical and social dimensions of SF-36, and women with MS reported stronger effect of social change compared to those without MS (p andlt; 0.05), but we found no differences for mental health or perceived stress. The major part of observed associations was lost after adjustment for effects of life-style. Conclusion: Our data speak against a direct effect of social stress on MS via psychological strain but suggest an indirect pathway via a sedentary life-style.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 8, no 3, 207-215 p.
Metabolic syndrome, Psychosocial, Stress, Life-style, Health related quality of life
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-20343DOI: 10.1016/j.ejcnurse.2009.01.004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-20343DiVA: diva2:234043