Visual Servoing Based on Learned Inverse Kinematics
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Initially an analytical closed-form inverse kinematics solution for a 5 DOF robotic arm was developed and implemented. This analytical solution proved not to meet the accuracy required for the shape sorting puzzle setup used in the COSPAL (COgnitiveSystems using Perception-Action Learning) project . The correctness of the analytic model could be confirmed through a simulated ideal robot and the source of the problem was deemed to be nonlinearities introduced by weak servos unable to compensate for the effect of gravity. Instead of developing a new analytical model that took the effect of gravity into account, which would be erroneous when the characteristics of the robotic arm changed, e.g. when picking up a heavy object, a learning approach was selected.
As learning method Locally Weighted Projection Regression (LWPR)  is used. It is an incremental supervised learning method and it is considered a state-ofthe-art method for function approximation in high dimensional spaces. LWPR is further combined with visual servoing. This allows for an improvement in accuracy by the use of visual feedback and the problems introduced by the weak servos can be solved. By combining the trained LWPR model with visual servoing, a high level of accuracy is reached, which is sufficient for the shape sorting puzzle setup used in COSPAL.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för systemteknik , 2007. , 65 p.
Visual servoing, machine learning, lwpr
Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-8710ISRN: LITH-ISY-EX--07/3929OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-8710DiVA: diva2:23413
Subject / course
Master of Science Thesis (Magisteruppsats från Affärsjuridiska programmet)