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Superveniens och dess plats inom anomal monism: En analys av debatten mellan Donald Davidson och Jaegwon Kim
Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture.
2006 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesisAlternative title
Supervenience and its place within Anomalous Monism : An analysis of the debate between Donald Davidson and Jaegwon Kim (English)
Abstract [sv]

Denna uppsats analyserar den medvetandefilosofiska debatten mellan Donald Davidson och Jaegwon Kim rörande Davidsons tes om det mentalas superveniens på det fysiska. Tesen utgör ett element i Davidsons generella teori om relationen mellan det mentala och det fysiska; anomal monism. Författaren frågar sig om Kim har rätt i att tesen om mental superveniens inte är tillräcklig för att garantera det mentala kausal kraft. I uppsatsen analyseras de båda filosofernas ståndpunkter i debatten med speciell tonvikt på deras respektive definitioner av superveniensbegreppet. Med utgångspunkt i detta argumenterar författarinnan att Kim i viss utsträckning kan sägas ha missförstått Davidsons superveniens-begrepp. Kim har definierat "svag" respektive "stark" och velat tolka Davidsons superveniens som tillhörande den sistnämnda sorten. Uppsatsförfattaren intar en ståndpunkt motsatt Kims och menar att Davidsons superveniensbegrepp snarare bör förstås som en variant av svag superveniens, men konstaterar samtidigt att det inte är helt säkert att dennes superveniens alls kan inordnas i någon av dessa kategorier; dessa refererar till "möjliga världar", vilka Davidson vägrar acceptera.

Abstract [en]

This paper analyses the debate between Donald Davidson and Jaegwon Kim concerning Davidsons idea of the supervenience of the mental upon the physical. This thought is part of Davidson's general theory of the relation between mind and body; anomalous monism. The author asks wherther Kim is right that mental supervenience is insufficient to gurantee the mental causal power. The paper analyses the standpoints of both philosophers, especially regarding their definitions of "supervenience" and argues that Kim, to some extent, can be said to have misunderstood Davidson's notion of supervenience. Kim has offered definitons of "weak" and "strong" supervenience and interpreted Davidsons supervenience as being of the kind last mentioned. The author takes a standpoint opposite of Kim's and argues that Davidson's notion of supervenience is better understood as weak supervenience, but at the same time notes that it is by no means obvious that Davidsons supervenience can be said to belong to either of these categories since these refer to "possible worlds", which Davidson refuses to accept.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för religion och kultur , 2006. , 46 p.
Keyword [en]
Anomalous Monism, Donald Davidson, Jaegwon Kim, Mental Supervenience, Monism, Materialism
Keyword [sv]
Anomal Monism, Donald Davidson, Jaegwon Kim, Mental superveniens, Monism, Materialism
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-8770ISRN: LIU-IRK/TFIL-C--06-006--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-8770DiVA: diva2:23450
Uppsok
humaniora/teologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2007-04-23 Created: 2007-04-23

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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Output format
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