Comparison of Mechanical Properties in Flake Graphite and Compacted Graphite Cast Irons for Piston Rings
2004 (English)In: International Journal of Cast Metals Research, ISSN 1364-0461, Vol. 17, no 2, 65-71 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cast iron is often used as the piston ring material in marine diesel engines. The mechanical properties of cast irons are to a great extent governed by the size, distribution and shape of the incorporated graphite particles. In a set of experiments, the mechanical properties of a pearlitic grey cast iron and a pearlitic compacted graphite cast iron are compared. Both cast iron grades have a eutectic composition. The experiments confirm the importance of micro-yielding of the matrix at the tip of the graphite particles on the macroelastic behaviour of the studied cast irons. This applies especially for the flake graphite cast iron where the graphite tip is sharper and the matrix bridges between the graphite particles are shorter than in the case of the compacted graphite cast iron resulting in micro-yielding at the graphite tip at a very low macro-stress and macro-strain. The high local stresses at the graphite tips also result in the opening of the graphite cavities which is much more severe in the flake graphite cast iron than in the compacted graphite cast iron. The mechanical properties of the eutectic flake graphite cast iron are largely affected by the size and amount of the graphite particles. The smaller the graphite particles (faster solidification) in the microstructure, the lower the values of the mechanical properties. In compacted graphite cast iron, the macro-elastic behaviour is influenced by the matrix and the overall coarseness of the microstructure to a greater extent and the effect of the incorporated graphite particle size is much less pronounced.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 17, no 2, 65-71 p.
Mechanical properties, Eutectic pearlitic cast iron, Graphite shape, compacted graphite, Flake graphite, Micro-yelding
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14416DOI: 10.1179/136404604225017474OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14416DiVA: diva2:23468