Modelling the Effect of Graphite Morphology on the Modulus of Elasticity in Cast Irons
2004 (English)In: International Journal of Cast Metals Research, ISSN 1364-0461, Vol. 17, no 5, 271-279 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Nine grades of pearlitic cast iron containing different graphite morphologies (from flake, compacted and spheroidal) have been studied. The parameters investigated include the graphite aspect ratio, nodularity, graphite size and modulus of elasticity. These parameters have been correlated and compared with different existing bound and model equations. It has been found that the modulus of elasticity of the graphite phase increases as the aspect ratio and nodularity of the graphite increases, i.e.flake graphite gives a lower modulus of elasticity than spheroidal graphite. The experimental values of the modulus of elasticity show good agreement to bound and model equations, although flake graphite cast irons show higher deviation from the modelled values. An equation for the correlation between the graphite modulus of elasticity and the nodularity is presented. Introducing this linear correlation into an existing model for the determination of the effective modulus of elasticity gives a continuous function, including all grades of cast irons, with a very good agreement with experimental values. The modulus of elasticity of cast irons can be accurately predicted from both bound and especially model equations, using the aspect ratio and nodularity of the contained graphite particles. The fit is improved by using a modulus of elasticity of the graphite phase that is based on the graphite morphology, considering that the modulus of elasticity of the graphite is different in the basal and prismatic planes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 17, no 5, 271-279 p.
Cast iron, Modulus of elasticity, Graphite morphology, Graphite aspect ratio, Compacted graphite, Flake graphite, Spheroidal graphite, Modelling
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14417DOI: 10.1179/136404604225022694OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14417DiVA: diva2:23469