The Effect of Graphite Fraction and Morphology on the Plastic Deformation of Cast Irons
2007 (English)In: Metallurgical and materials transactions. A, ISSN 1073-5623 (print) 1543-1940 (online), Vol. 38, no 4, 840-847 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The plastic deformation behavior of cast irons, covering the majority of graphite morphologies, has not been comprehensively studied previously. In this investigation, the effect of graphite morphology and graphite fraction on the plastic deformation behavior of pearlitic cast irons has been evaluated. The investigation is based on tensile tests performed on various different cast iron grades, where the graphite morphology and volume fraction have been varied. Pearlitic steel with alloying levels corresponding to the cast irons were also studied to evaluate how the cast iron matrix behaves in tension without the effects of the graphite phase. It is concluded that as the roundness of the graphite phase increases, the strain hardening exponent decreases. This demonstrates that the amount of plastic deformation is higher in the matrix of lamellar cast iron grades compared to compacted and nodular cast iron grades. Furthermore, this study shows that the strength coefficient in flake graphite cast irons increases as the graphite fraction decreases due to the weakening effect of the graphite phase. This study presents relationships between the strain hardening exponent and the strength coefficient and the roundness and fraction of the graphite phase. Using these correlations to model the plastic part of the stress-strain curves of pearlitic cast irons, we were able to calculate curves in good agreement with experimentally determined curves, especially for gray cast irons and ductile iron.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 38, no 4, 840-847 p.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14419DOI: 10.1007/s11661-007-9115-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14419DiVA: diva2:23471