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Role-Playing Exercise: A Real-Time Approach to Study Collaborative Command and Control
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, GIS - Geographical Information Science Group. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2006 (English)In: International Journal of Intelligent Control and Systems, ISSN 0218-7965, Vol. 11, no 4, 218-228 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During emergency response, emergency management and its command andcontrol system are particularly challenged as the responding taskforce putscountermeasures in place intensively and dynamically. To respondeffectively these countermeasures are typically coordinated throughcollaborative work of commanding staff. Information seeking,communication, and data sharing are essential elements of this collaborativecommand and control work. The traditional research methods used incommand and control research do not always allow researchers to fullyinvestigate these elements of collaborative work. In this paper, we describethe role-playing exercise, a real-time approach combining role-playing gamesand emergency management exercises, for studying collaborative command and control, particularly during improvisation and adaptation work. We alsodescribe the practical application of the role-playing exercise approach in theALFA-05 research study. This is followed by a discussion on methodologicallessons learned from this study. This includes simulation realism and control,ecological and communication settings, and data collection. Our experiencesuggests that the role-playing exercise approach can be considered as afeasible method for research studies, where interaction and communicationof commanding staff are in focus.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 11, no 4, 218-228 p.
Keyword [en]
Emergency response, command and control, collaboration, simulation, real-time approach, role-playing exercise
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-20636OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-20636DiVA: diva2:235374
Available from: 2009-09-15 Created: 2009-09-15 Last updated: 2009-09-15Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Exploring Tactical Command and Control: A Role-Playing Simulation Approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring Tactical Command and Control: A Role-Playing Simulation Approach
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis concerns command and control (C2) work at the tactical level in emergency and crisis response operations. The presented research addresses two main research questions. The first question is whether it is feasible to simulate and study C2 work in the initial stages of response operations by means of role-playing simulations. If so, the second question is how to develop and execute role-playing simulations in order to explore this type of C2 work in a methodologically sound way. The presented research is based on simulations as methodological means for qualitative research. The utilized simulation approach is scenario-based real-time role-playing simulations grounded in models of C2 work and response operations. Three simulations have been conducted based on this methodology and are reported in this thesis. Simulation I focused on the work practice of cooperating commanders whose activities may be enhanced by the use of artifacts. Simulation II concerned the issues of operationalizing advanced technological artifacts in rapid response expert teams. Simulation III gave attention to the role improvisation in C2 teams designated for international operations. The results from the simulations and from the work conducted and presented in this thesis contribute with knowledge and experience from using role-playing simulations to study C2 work. This includes the methodological aspects of designing and conducting role-playing simulations such as scenarios, realism, evaluation and simulation format and control. It also includes the identification of the main application and problem areas for which the methodology is suitable, that is explorative qualitative inquiries and evaluation studies. The thesis provides new insights in C2 work with respect to adaptive behavior and improvisation. The thesis also identifies areas that need to be considered in order to further develop the role-playing simulation approach and its applicability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2009. 78 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1266
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-20641 (URN)978-91-7393-571-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-10-09, Visionen, hus B, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-09-15 Created: 2009-09-15 Last updated: 2015-06-02Bibliographically approved

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http://www.ijics.org/Link to Ph.D. Thesis

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Trnka, JiriJenvald, Johan

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