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Collaborative Command and Control Practice: Adaptation, Self-Regulation and Supporting Behavior
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, GIS - Geographical Information Science Group. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Saab Security, Sweden.
2009 (English)In: International Journal of Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISSN 1937-9390, Vol. 1, no 2, 47-67 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper describes a study, which aimed to document the work practice ofa team of commanders responding to an emergency, and to identify areasand activities, that may be enhanced by the use of command and controltools. The study was based on a “human-in-the-loop” simulation withemergency management commanders as participants. Communicationanalyses – episodic analysis, socio-metric status and communication roles –were used to assess coordination among the commanders. The resultsindicate that the commanders used informal arrangements within theestablished command and control structures to perform various informalfunctions and take on diverse communication roles across organizational anddomain boundaries. Cross-domain and cross-organizational knowledge wasthe most important enabler of this type of coordination. General toolsproviding methods and aids to indicate and support informal functions andcommunication roles were identified as absent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 1, no 2, 47-67 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-20637OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-20637DiVA: diva2:235377
Available from: 2009-09-15 Created: 2009-09-15 Last updated: 2009-09-15Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Exploring Tactical Command and Control: A Role-Playing Simulation Approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring Tactical Command and Control: A Role-Playing Simulation Approach
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis concerns command and control (C2) work at the tactical level in emergency and crisis response operations. The presented research addresses two main research questions. The first question is whether it is feasible to simulate and study C2 work in the initial stages of response operations by means of role-playing simulations. If so, the second question is how to develop and execute role-playing simulations in order to explore this type of C2 work in a methodologically sound way. The presented research is based on simulations as methodological means for qualitative research. The utilized simulation approach is scenario-based real-time role-playing simulations grounded in models of C2 work and response operations. Three simulations have been conducted based on this methodology and are reported in this thesis. Simulation I focused on the work practice of cooperating commanders whose activities may be enhanced by the use of artifacts. Simulation II concerned the issues of operationalizing advanced technological artifacts in rapid response expert teams. Simulation III gave attention to the role improvisation in C2 teams designated for international operations. The results from the simulations and from the work conducted and presented in this thesis contribute with knowledge and experience from using role-playing simulations to study C2 work. This includes the methodological aspects of designing and conducting role-playing simulations such as scenarios, realism, evaluation and simulation format and control. It also includes the identification of the main application and problem areas for which the methodology is suitable, that is explorative qualitative inquiries and evaluation studies. The thesis provides new insights in C2 work with respect to adaptive behavior and improvisation. The thesis also identifies areas that need to be considered in order to further develop the role-playing simulation approach and its applicability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2009. 78 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1266
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-20641 (URN)978-91-7393-571-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-10-09, Visionen, hus B, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-09-15 Created: 2009-09-15 Last updated: 2015-06-02Bibliographically approved

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Trnka, Jiri

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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Output format
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