Screening of environmental pressure from products in the Swedish railway infrastructure: Implications for Strategic Environmental Management
2007 (English)In: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, Vol. 52, no 2, 248-265 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper proposes a method to be used in environmental reviews as an initial tool for estimating upstream environmental pressures from material use in organisations dealing mostly with construction materials. Upstream environmental pressures are often omitted in environmental reviews from organisations and instead tend to be site specific, with a limited life-cycle perspective. This paper uses the Swedish National Rail Authority as a case to present the approach. An energy indicator is used to estimate the environmental pressure of material use.
In the studied building project, a small set of products contribute to a major part of the material use and the material-related energy use. The energy use is almost exclusively of nonrenewable energy carriers. The three most important products are all homogenous and non-complex, which makes the energy indicator well suited for the analysis. The organisation can use the results to focus on the most important products and also to see which parts of the organisation contribute to the material-related energy use. Rail traffic in Sweden is almost exclusively from non-fossil-based energy carriers. This highlights the importance of the infrastructure to the overall environmental pressure of the railway. Consequently, if road transport were to shift away from fossil fuels, railways earlier environmental advantages would diminish, since research suggests that railway infrastructure is more energy intensive than road infrastructure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 52, no 2, 248-265 p.
Railway, Infrastructure, Material use, Environmental pressure, Screening
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14492DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2007.03.006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14492DiVA: diva2:23588