Ultraviolet A and B affect human melanocytes and keratinocytes differently. A study of oxidative alterations and apoptosis
2005 (English)In: Experimental Dermatology, ISSN 0906-6705, Vol. 14, no 2, 117-123 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is an etiologic agent for malignant melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer, but the spectral range responsible for tumor induction is still to be elucidated. In this study, we compared effects of UVA and UVB irradiation on normal human melanocytes (MCs) and keratinocytes (KCs) in vitro. We demonstrate that UVA irradiation induces immediate loss of reduced glutathione (GSH) in both MCs and KCs. Exposure to UVA also causes reduced plasma membrane stability, in both cell types, as estimated by fluorescein diacetate retention and flow cytometry. Furthermore, we noted reduction in proliferation and higher apoptosis frequency 24 h after UVA irradiation. UVB irradiation of KCs caused instant reduction of reduced GSH and impaired plasma membrane stability. We also found decline in proliferation and increased apoptosis after 24 h. In MCs, on the other hand, UVB had no effect on GSH level or plasma membrane stability, although increased apoptotic cell death and reduced proliferation was detected. In summary, MCs and KCs showed similar response towards UVA, while UVB had more pronounced effects on KCs as compared to MCs. These results might have implications for the induction of malignant melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 14, no 2, 117-123 p.
apoptosis, keratinocyte, melanocyte, oxidative stress, UV irradiation
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14497DOI: 10.1111/j.0906-6705.2005.00238.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14497DiVA: diva2:23596