Pediatric Tonsillotomy with Radiofrequency Technique: Less Morbidity and Pain
2004 (English)In: The Laryngoscope, ISSN 0023-852X, Vol. 114, no 5, 871-877 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: To compare two techniques for pediatric tonsil surgery with respect to pain and postoperative morbidity. The two methods were the partial tonsil resection using radiofrequency (RF) technique (tonsillotomy [TT]) versus traditional tonsillectomy (TE).
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical randomized study in one tertiary care ENT clinic and two secondary care clinics.
METHOD: One hundred fifty children, between 5 and 15 years of age, were randomized to either TT with RF using the Surgitron Ellman, 1.7 MHz, or regular TE. Randomization was performed from the waiting list, including children with both a history of obstructive problems and recurrent tonsillitis. The TT was performed with a specially made sling electrode using a cut/coagulation mode.
RESULTS: Forty-nine children were operated on with TT and 43 with TE. There was significantly less bleeding in the TT group, although two cases of primary postoperative bleeding occurred among the TT children and one in the TE group. The pain recordings showed significantly less pain for the TT children from the second hour postoperatively onward, and the TT children were pain free and in school 3 days earlier than the TE group. The TT group had less need of the prescribed drugs (diclofenac and paracetamol). After 9 days, 73% of the TT children were completely healed, but only 31% of the TE children. By that time, the TE children had lost a mean of 660 g, and the TT children had gained 127 g. The effect on snoring was the same for both groups.
CONCLUSION: RF appears to be a safe and reliable method for tonsil surgery with much less postoperative morbidity than regular TE.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 114, no 5, 871-877 p.
Tonsils, tonsil surgery, RF surgery, snoring, sleep apnea
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14510DOI: 10.1097/00005537-200405000-00016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14510DiVA: diva2:23616