AA-amyloidosis can be transferred by peripheral blood monocytes
2008 (English)In: PloS one, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 3, no 10, e3308- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Spongiform encephalopathies have been reported to be transmitted by blood transfusion even prior to the clinical onset. Experimental AA-amyloidosis shows similarities with prion disease and amyloid-containing organ-extracts can prime a recipient for the disease. In this systemic form of amyloidosis N-terminal fragments of the acute-phase reactant apolipoprotein serum amyloid A are the main amyloid protein. Initial amyloid deposits appear in the perifollicular region of the spleen, followed by deposits in the liver. We used the established murine model and induced AA-amyloidosis in NMRI mice by intravenous injections of purified amyloid fibrils ('amyloid enhancing factor') combined with inflammatory challenge (silver nitrate subcutaneously). Blood plasma and peripheral blood monocytes were isolated, sonicated and re-injected into new recipients followed by an inflammatory challenge during a three week period. When the animals were sacrificed presence of amyloid was analyzed in spleen sections after Congo red staining. Our result shows that some of the peripheral blood monocytes, isolated from animals with detectable amyloid, contained amyloid-seed that primed for AA-amyloid. The seeding material seems to have been phagocytosed by the cells since the AA-precursor (SAA1) was found not be expressed by the monocytes. Plasma recovered from mice with AA amyloidosis lacked seeding capacity. Amyloid enhancing activity can reside in monocytes recovered from mice with AA-amyloidosis and in a prion-like way trigger amyloid formation in conjunction with an inflammatory disorder. Human AA-amyloidosis resembles the murine form and every individual is expected to be exposed to conditions that initiate production of the acute-phase reactant. The monocyte-transfer mechanism should be eligible for the human disease and we point out blood transfusion as a putative route for transfer of amyloidosis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 3, no 10, e3308- p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-20806DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0003308PubMedID: 18830411OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-20806DiVA: diva2:236163
Jana Sponarová, Sofia Nyström and Gunilla T Westermark, AA-amyloidosis can be transferred by peripheral blood monocytes, 2008, PloS one, (3), 10, e3308.