Pre-surgical Child Behavior Ratings and Pain Management after Two Different Techniques of Tonsil Surger
2006 (English)In: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, ISSN 0165-5876, Vol. 70, no 10, 1749-1758 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The purpose of this investigation was to compare child behavior before surgery with experience of pain and anxiety in relation to two techniques of tonsil surgery, to relate previous experiences of surgery/tonsillitis with anxiety and pain, and to compare the children's, parent's and nurse's rating of pain.
Ninety-two children (5–15 years) with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and with or without recurrent tonsillitis were randomized to partial tonsil resection/tonsillotomy (TT) or full tonsillectomy (TE). Measures: Parents: Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Children: State-Trait-Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC) and seven-point Faces Pain Scale (FPS). Parents/staff: seven-point Verbal Pain Rating Scale (VPRS). Pain relievers were opoids, paracetamol and diclophenac.
These children with SDB scored significantly higher on CBCL than did normative groups, but no connection was observed between CBCL rating and experience of pain. There was no relation between pre-operative anxiety and pain. The post-operative anxiety level (STAIC) correlated with pain. The TE-group scored higher on STAIC after surgery. Previous experience of surgery or tonsillitis did not influence post-operative pain. The TE-group rated higher experience of pain despite more medication. The nurses scored pain lower than the parents/children and under-medicated.
SDB may influence children's behavior, but with no relation to post-operative pain. The surgical method predicts pain better than does the child's behavior rating. The nurses underestimated the pain experienced by the child.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 70, no 10, 1749-1758 p.
Children; Post-operative pain; Anxiety; Behavior; Tonsil surgery; Anesthesia
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14511DOI: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2006.05.017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14511DiVA: diva2:23617