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Violence Against Young Men and Women: A Vital Health Issue
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
University Sundsvall.
Sundsvall Hospital.
2009 (English)In: The Open Public Health Journal, ISSN 1874-9445, Vol. 2, 1-6 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Violence is regarded as a major health issue in an increasing amount of literature and is known as an important factor in women's ill health. Little however is known about violence against young men and women and its impact on their health. The principal aim of this study was to analyze health outcomes and health care utilization as reported among men and women aged 18-25 exposed and not exposed to physical and/or emotional violence.

Study design: A cross-sectional national health survey in Sweden.

Methods: Postal questionnaires were sent to nearly 3,000 men and women. Three questions were used to ask about violence. Sociodemographic characteristics for those exposed to violence during the past 12 months were analyzed and compared to those not exposed. Crude and adjusted odds ratios were calculated for health outcomes and medical care utilization.

Results: Increased odds ratios were found for most health outcomes, and health care utilization for those exposed to violence compared to non-exposed. After adjusting for socioeconomic factors, smoking, and use of alcohol and cannabis, most variables were principally unchanged for women but considerably lower for men. Socioeconomic factors, smoking, and the use of drugs were all correlated to victimization.

Conclusions: A strong association between those exposed to violence and physical and mental ill health was demonstrated also after adjusting for possible confounders, specifically for women. It is time to include questions about violence in public health questionnaires aimed at young people, but also to start asking about it more frequently in health care settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 2, 1-6 p.
Keyword [en]
Young men, young women, health status, medical service, public health survey, violence
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-20894DOI: 10.2174/1874944500902010001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-20894DiVA: diva2:236732
Note
Original Publication: Niclas Olofsson, Kent Lindqvist, Katja Gillander Gadin and Ingela Danielsson, Violence Against Young Men and Women: A Vital Health Issue, 2009, The Open Public Health Journal, (2), 1-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1874944500902010001Available from: 2009-09-24 Created: 2009-09-24 Last updated: 2012-05-03Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Violence through the life cycle: A public health problem
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Violence through the life cycle: A public health problem
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: Violence has probably always been part of the human experience. Its impact can be seen, in various forms, in all parts of the world. In 1996, WHO:s Forty-Ninth World Health Assembly adopted a resolution , declaring violence a major and growing public health problem around the world. Public health work centers around health promotion and disease prevention activities in the population and public health is an expression of the health status of the population taking into account both the level and the distribution of health. Exposure to violence can have many aspects, differing throughout the life course — deprivation of autonomy, financial exploitation, psychological and physical neglect or abuse — but all types share common characteristics: the use of destructive force to control others by depriving them of safety, freedom, health and, in too many instances, life; the epidemic proportions of the problem, particularly among vulnerable groups; a devastating impact on individuals, families, neighborhoods, communities, and society.

Methods: Three different data sources were used in the four articles, three cross-sectional studies (“Life and Health in Norrland” and “Health on Equal Terms 2004 and 2006”) and one longitudinal (“Level-of-Living Survey”).

Results: We present an important picture of the strong association between exposure to violence and ill health through the life cycle. A population-based study showed an increased risk of poorer physical and psychological health among boys and girls aged 0-18, as reported by their mothers exposed to violence. Further, a strong association between those exposed to violence and physical and mental ill health was demonstrated in young adults aged 18-25, also after adjusting for possible confounders, specifically for women. Even in an elder group aged 65-84, representative results showed an extensive negative health outcome panorama caused by fear of crime and exposure to abuse both in elderly men and women. Lastly, in trying to provide additional empirical support for the association between exposure to violence and ill health the prospective study demonstrated that violence exposure in adolescence and young adulthood presented a negative association to severe illness burden in adulthood for women but not men.

Conclusion: Exposure to violence among both men and women is an important risk factor for ill health and should receive greater attention in public health work. A strong association between violence and various health outcomes was demonstrated in different time periods through the life cycle.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2012. 84 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1307
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77044 (URN)978-91-7519-905-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-06-07, Aulan, Hälsans hus, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-05-03 Created: 2012-05-03 Last updated: 2012-05-03Bibliographically approved

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Olofsson, NiclasLindqvist, Kent

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