Human, but not rat, IRS1 targets to the plasma membrane in both human and rat primary adipocytes
2007 (English)In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications - BBRC, ISSN 0006-291X, Vol. 363, no 3, 840-845 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Adipocytes are primary targets for insulin control of metabolism. The activated insulin receptor phosphorylates insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS1), which acts as a docking protein for downstream signal mediators. In the absence of insulin stimulation, IRS1 in rat adipocytes is intracellular but in human adipocytes IRS1 is constitutively targeted to the plasma membrane. Stimulation of adipocytes with insulin increased the amount of IRS1 at the plasma membrane 2-fold in human adipocytes, but >10-fold in rat adipocytes, with the same final amount of IRS1 at the plasma membrane in cells from both species. Cross-transfection of rat adipocytes with human IRS1, or human adipocytes with rat IRS1, demonstrated that the species difference was due to the IRS1 protein and not the cellular milieus or posttranslational modifications. Chimeric IRS1, consisting of the conserved N-terminus of rat IRS1 with the variable C-terminal of human IRS1, did not target the plasma membrane, indicating that subtle sequence differences direct human IRS1 to the plasma membrane.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 363, no 3, 840-845 p.
Insulin receptor substrate; Human; Rat; Insulin; Plasma membrane; Signaling; Transfection; Caveolae
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14540DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2007.09.065OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14540DiVA: diva2:23675